Geometric light trapping with a v-trap for efficient organic solar cells

Soo Jin Kim, George Y. Margulis, Seung Bum Rim, Mark L. Brongersma, Michael D. Mc Gehee, Peter Peumans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The efficiency of today’s most efficient organic solar cells is primarily limited by the ability of the active layer to absorb all the sunlight. While internal quantum efficiencies exceeding 90% are common, the external quantum efficiency rarely exceeds 70%. Light trapping techniques that increase the ability of a given active layer to absorb light are common in inorganic solar cells but have only been applied to organic solar cells with limited success. Here, we analyze the light trapping mechanism for a cell with a V–shape substrate configuration and demonstrate significantly improved photon absorption in an 5.3%–efficient PCDTBT:PC70BM bulk heterojunction polymer solar cell. The measured short circuit current density improves by 29%, in agreement with model predictions, and the power conversion efficiency increases to 7.2%, a 35% improvement over the performance in the absence of a light trap.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A305-A312
JournalOptics Express
Volume21
Issue number103
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 6
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

solar cells
trapping
traps
quantum efficiency
sunlight
short circuit currents
heterojunctions
current density
polymers
photons
configurations
predictions
cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Kim, S. J., Margulis, G. Y., Rim, S. B., Brongersma, M. L., Mc Gehee, M. D., & Peumans, P. (2013). Geometric light trapping with a v-trap for efficient organic solar cells. Optics Express, 21(103), A305-A312. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.00A305

Geometric light trapping with a v-trap for efficient organic solar cells. / Kim, Soo Jin; Margulis, George Y.; Rim, Seung Bum; Brongersma, Mark L.; Mc Gehee, Michael D.; Peumans, Peter.

In: Optics Express, Vol. 21, No. 103, 06.05.2013, p. A305-A312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, SJ, Margulis, GY, Rim, SB, Brongersma, ML, Mc Gehee, MD & Peumans, P 2013, 'Geometric light trapping with a v-trap for efficient organic solar cells', Optics Express, vol. 21, no. 103, pp. A305-A312. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.00A305
Kim SJ, Margulis GY, Rim SB, Brongersma ML, Mc Gehee MD, Peumans P. Geometric light trapping with a v-trap for efficient organic solar cells. Optics Express. 2013 May 6;21(103):A305-A312. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.00A305
Kim, Soo Jin ; Margulis, George Y. ; Rim, Seung Bum ; Brongersma, Mark L. ; Mc Gehee, Michael D. ; Peumans, Peter. / Geometric light trapping with a v-trap for efficient organic solar cells. In: Optics Express. 2013 ; Vol. 21, No. 103. pp. A305-A312.
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