Ginger extract ameliorates obesity and inflammation via regulating MicroRNA-21/132 expression and AMPK activation in white adipose tissue

Seunghae Kim, Mak Soon Lee, Sunyoon Jung, Hye Yeon Son, Seonyoung Park, Bori Kang, Seog Young Kim, In-Hwan Kim, Chong Tai Kim, Yangha Kim

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Abstract

Ginger is a plant whose rhizome is used as a spice or folk medicine. We aimed to investigate the effect of ginger root extract on obesity and inflammation in rats fed a high-fat diet. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups and fed either a 45% high-fat diet (HF), HF + hot-water extract of ginger (WEG; 8 g/kg diet), or HF + high-hydrostatic pressure extract of ginger (HPG; 8 g/kg diet) for 10 weeks. The HPG group had lower body weight and white adipose tissue (WAT) mass compared to the HF group. Serum and hepatic lipid levels of HPG group were lower, while fecal lipid excretion of the HPG group was higher than that of the HF group. In the WAT of the WEG and HPG groups, mRNA levels of adipogenic genes were lower than those of the HF group. Moreover, HPG group had lower mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines than did the HF group. MicroRNA (miR)-21 expression was down-regulated by both WEG and HPG. Additionally, miR-132 expression was down-regulated by HPG. The adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity of HPG group was greater than that of the HF group. HPG may have beneficial effects on obesity and inflammation, partially mediated by regulation of miR-21/132 expression and AMPK activation in WAT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1567
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1

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Keywords

  • AMPK
  • Ginger extract
  • Inflammation
  • MicroRNA-132
  • Microrna-21
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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