Glucose oxidase-copper hybrid nanoflowers embedded with magnetic nanoparticles as an effective antibacterial agent

Inseon Lee, Hong Jae Cheon, Manab Deb Adhikari, Tai Duc Tran, Kyung Min Yeon, Moon Il Kim, Jungbae Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Bacterial contamination causes various problems ranging from bacterial infection to biofouling. As an effective and non-toxic agent for bacterial de-contamination, glucose oxidase (GOx)-copper hybrid nanoflowers embedded with amine-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles (NH2-MNPs), called ‘MNP-GOx NFs’, are developed. Positively-charged NH2-MNPs and negatively-charged GOx molecules are first interacted via electrostatic attraction which can be controlled by changing the buffer pH, and the follow-up addition of copper(II) sulfate leads to blooming of nanoflowers (MNP-GOx NFs) after incubation at room temperature for 3 days. MNP-GOx NFs show effective antibacterial activity by generating H2O2 from GOx-catalyzed glucose oxidation. For example, 99.9% killings of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli are achieved after 3 h treatment of 106/mL cells with 0.2 and 3.0 mg/mL MNP-GOx NFs, respectively, revealing that Gram-positive S. aureus with mono-layer membrane system is more vulnerable to the treatment of MNP-GOx NFs than Gram-negative E. coli with two-layer membrane system. MNP-GOx NFs can maintain 97% of bactericidal activity even after recycled uses by magnetic separation for eight times iterative bacterial killings. Finally, MNP-GOx NFs are employed for the fabrication of antibacterial gauzes. MNP-GOx NFs have also opened up a great potential for their applications in biosensors, biofuel cells and bioconversion as well as bacterial de-contamination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1520-1531
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 15


  • Antibacterial activity
  • Enzyme-inorganic hybrid nanoflowers
  • Glucose oxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Energy(all)


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