Golden Bristlegrass-Like Hierarchical Graphene Nanofibers Entangled with N-Doped CNTs Containing CoSe2 Nanocrystals at Each Node as Anodes for High-Rate Sodium-Ion Batteries

Min Su Jo, Jae Seob Lee, Sun Young Jeong, Jae Kwang Kim, Yun Chan Kang, Dong Won Kang, Sang Mun Jeong, Jung Sang Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Golden bristlegrass-like unique nanostructures comprising reduced graphene oxide (rGO) matrixed nanofibers entangled with bamboo-like N-doped carbon nanotubes (CNTs) containing CoSe2 nanocrystals at each node (denoted as N-CNT/rGO/CoSe2 NF) are designed as anodes for high-rate sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). Bamboo-like N-doped CNTs (N-CNTs) are successfully generated on the rGO matrixed nanofiber surface, between rGO sheets and mesopores, and interconnected chemically with homogeneously distributed rGO sheets. The defects in the N-CNTs formed by a simple etching process allow the complete phase conversion of Co into CoSe2 through the efficient penetration of H2Se gas inside the CNT walls. The N-CNTs bridge the vertical defects for electron transfer in the rGO sheet layers and increase the distance between the rGO sheets during cycles. The discharge capacity of N-CNT/rGO/CoSe2 NF after the 10 000th cycle at an extremely high current density of 10 A g−1 is 264 mA h g−1, and the capacity retention measured at the 100th cycle is 89%. N-CNT/rGO/CoSe2 NF has final discharge capacities of 395, 363, 328, 304, 283, 263, 246, 223, 197, 171, and 151 mA h g−1 at current densities of 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20 A g−1, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2003391
JournalSmall
Volume16
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep 1

Keywords

  • anode materials
  • carbon nanotubes
  • cobalt selenide
  • graphene
  • sodium-ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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