Granoblastic olivine aggregates in magnesian chondrules: Planetesimal fragments or thermally annealed solar nebula condensates?

Scott A. Whattam, Roger H. Hewins, Bosmat A. Cohen, Nicholas C. Seaton, David J. Prior

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Granoblastic olivine aggregates (GOA) have been discovered in some Type I magnesian chondrules within carbonaceous chondrites by Libourel and Krot [Libourel, G., Krot, A.N., 2007. Evidence for the presence of planetesimal material among the precursors of magnesian chondrules of nebular origin. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 254, 1-8], who proposed an origin from pre-existing planetesimals. Amoeboid olivine aggregates (AOA), generally considered as aggregates of solar nebula condensates and found within similar carbonaceous chondrites, display similar equilibrium texture, though on a finer scale. For these reasons, we conducted experiments to determine if annealing of olivine required time scales appropriate to planetesimal or nebular heating. Pressed < 43 μm and < 63 μm San Carlos olivine powder (Fo88.4) was isothermally heated at temperatures ranging from 1350-1550 °C for 1-100 h. The 100 h runs yield olivine aggregates with well-developed granoblastic texture at all temperatures, manifest as a network of randomly-oriented and sutured olivine grains with 120° triple junctions. Individual olivine grains are 4-6 sided and polygonal by 1450 °C and equigranular texture is developed at high temperature (1500-1550 °C). Melting of olivine commences at 1450-1500 °C and aids in 'ripening' and suturing (grain coarsening and grain boundary migration). Textural equilibrium is clearly met at 1550 °C. A planetesimal origin cannot be ruled out; however, the experimental evidence reveals that granoblastic texture can be reproduced in an interval not inconsistent with heating times for nebular objects. GOA may have experienced higher degrees of thermal processing than the finer-grained AOA. If the precursors were the same, grain coarsening would have to be accompanied by modification to bulk and isotopic compositions. However, the precursors could have been olivine condensates formed later than AOA. Annealing may have been a widespread process operating in the primordial solar nebula responsible for thermal processing and formation of GOA prior to their incorporation into chondrules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-211
Number of pages12
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 15


  • AOA
  • Granoblastic olivine aggregates (GOA)
  • magnesian chondrules
  • planetesimals
  • solar nebula
  • thermal annealing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


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