Graph Convolutional Network Based Point Cloud for Head and Neck Vessel Labeling

Linlin Yao, Pengbo Jiang, Zhong Xue, Yiqiang Zhan, Dijia Wu, Lichi Zhang, Qian Wang, Feng Shi, Dinggang Shen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Vessel segmentation and anatomical labeling are of great significance for vascular disease analysis. Because vessels in 3D images are the tree-like tubular structures with diverse shapes and sizes, and direct use of convolutional neural networks (CNNs, based on spatial convolutional kernels) for vessel segmentation often encounters great challenges. To tackle this problem, we propose a graph convolutional network (GCN)-based point cloud approach to improve vessel segmentation over the conventional CNN-based method and further conduct semantic labeling on 13 major head and neck vessels. The proposed method can not only learn the global shape representation but also precisely adapt to local vascular shapes by utilizing the prior knowledge of tubular structures to explicitly learn anatomical shape. Specifically, starting from rough segmentation using V-Net, our approach further refines the segmentation and performs labeling on the refined segmentations, with two steps. First, a point cloud network is applied to the points formed by initial vessel voxels to refine vessel segmentation. Then, GCN is employed on the point cloud to further label vessels into 13 major segments. To evaluate the performance of our proposed method, CT angiography images (covering heads and necks) of 72 subjects are used in our experiment. Using four-fold cross-validation, an average Dice coefficient of 0.965 can be achieved for vessel segmentation compared to that of 0.885 obtained by the conventional V-Net based segmentation. Also, for vessel labeling, our proposed algorithm achieves an average Dice coefficient of 0.899 for 13 vessel segments compared to that of 0.829 by V-Net. These results show that our proposed method could facilitate head and neck vessel analysis by providing automatic and accurate vessel segmentation and labeling results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMachine Learning in Medical Imaging - 11th International Workshop, MLMI 2020, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2020, Proceedings
EditorsMingxia Liu, Chunfeng Lian, Pingkun Yan, Xiaohuan Cao
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages474-483
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030598600
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event11th International Workshop on Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, MLMI 2020, held in conjunction with the 23rd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2020 - Lima, Peru
Duration: 2020 Oct 42020 Oct 4

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12436 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference11th International Workshop on Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, MLMI 2020, held in conjunction with the 23rd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2020
CountryPeru
CityLima
Period20/10/420/10/4

Keywords

  • Anatomical labeling
  • Graph convolutional network
  • Head and neck vessels
  • Point cloud
  • Shape representation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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