Gray-level disturbance in pulse number modulation and its reduction algorithm

Chang-Su Kim, Rin Chul Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An effective algorithm to reduce gray-level disturbance (GLD) in pulse number modulation is proposed. GLD occurs when moving image sequences are presented by plasma display panels (PDPs) or digital micromirror devices (DMDs), which use pulse number modulation to express gray levels. We first develop a systematic model or GLD, and then show that GLD can be eliminated if the light emission pattern of every gray level has the same shape. Based on the ideal condition, we design subfield and driving vectors. The lexicographically largest vector is employed as the subfield vector, since it can flexibly control the shapes of light emission patterns. Then, three methods are proposed to determine driving vectors: the zero-order, first-order, and tree methods. The zero-order method has the lowest implementation complexity, whereas the tree method reduces GLD most effectively. The first-order method offers a good tradeoff between implementation complexity and disturbance reduction capability. Simulation results demonstrate that these methods suppress GLD effectively and provide good moving image quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043002
JournalJournal of Electronic Imaging
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct 1

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disturbances
Modulation
modulation
Light emission
pulses
Digital devices
Image quality
light emission
Display devices
Plasmas
tradeoffs
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Cite this

Gray-level disturbance in pulse number modulation and its reduction algorithm. / Kim, Chang-Su; Kim, Rin Chul.

In: Journal of Electronic Imaging, Vol. 15, No. 4, 043002, 01.10.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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