Habitat suitability estimation using a two-stage ensemble approach

Jehyeok Rew, Yongjang Cho, Jihoon Moon, Eenjun Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Biodiversity conservation is important for the protection of ecosystems. One key task for sustainable biodiversity conservation is to effectively preserve species' habitats. However, for various reasons, many of these habitats have been reduced or destroyed in recent decades. To deal with this problem, it is necessary to effectively identify potential habitats based on habitat suitability analysis and preserve them. Various techniques for habitat suitability estimation have been proposed to date, but they have had limited success due to limitations in the data and models used. In this paper, we propose a novel scheme for assessing habitat suitability based on a two-stage ensemble approach. In the first stage, we construct a deep neural network (DNN) model to predict habitat suitability based on observations and environmental data. In the second stage, we develop an ensemble model using various habitat suitability estimation methods based on observations, environmental data, and the results of the DNN from the first stage. For reliable estimation of habitat suitability, we utilize various crowdsourced databases. Using observational and environmental data for four amphibian species and seven bird species in South Korea, we demonstrate that our scheme provides a more accurate estimation of habitat suitability compared to previous other approaches. For instance, our scheme achieves a true skill statistic (TSS) score of 0.886, which is higher than other approaches (TSS = 0.725 ± 0.010).

Original languageEnglish
Article number1475
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1


  • Deep neural network
  • Ensemble approach
  • Habitat suitability estimation
  • Two-stagemodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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