HbA1c cutoff for prediabetes and diabetes based on oral glucose tolerance test in obese children and adolescents

Hyo-Kyoung Nam, Won Kyoung Cho, Jae Hyun Kim, Young-Jun Rhie, Sochung Chung, Kee Hyoung Lee, Byung Kyu Suh

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is a traditional diagnostic tool for diabetes. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is an alternative method used in adults; however, its application in youths has been controversial. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of HbA1c and determined optimal cutoff points for detecting prediabetes and diabetes in youth. Methods: This retrospective study included 389 obese children (217 boys, 55.8%) who had undergone simultaneous OGTT and HbA1c testing at six hospitals, Korea, between 2010 and 2016. Subjects were diagnosed with diabetes (fasting glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L; 2-hour glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L) or prediabetes (fasting glucose 5.6-6.9 mmol/L; 2-hour glucose 7.8-11.0 mmol/L). The diagnostic performance of HbA1c for prediabetes and diabetes was determined using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: At diagnosis, 197 (50.6%) subjects had normoglycemia, 121 (31.1%) had prediabetes, and 71 (18.3%) had diabetes. The kappa coefficient for agreement between OGTT and HbA1c was 0.464. The optimal HbA1c cutoff points were 5.8% (AUC, 0.795; a sensitivity of 64.1% and a specificity of 83.8%) for prediabetes and 6.2% (AUC, 0.972; a sensitivity of 91.5% and a specificity of 93.7%) for diabetes. When HbA1c (≥ 6.2%) and 2-hour glucose level were used to diagnose diabetes, 100% were detected. Conclusion: Pediatric criteria for HbA1c remain unclear, therefore, we recommend the combination of fasting and 2-hour glucose levels, in addition to HbA1c, in the diagnosis of childhood prediabetes and diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere93
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume33
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 19

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Prediabetic State
Glucose Tolerance Test
Hemoglobins
Glucose
Area Under Curve
Fasting
Korea
ROC Curve
Retrospective Studies
Pediatrics

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diagnosis
  • Glucose tolerance test
  • HbA1c
  • Prediabetic state

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

HbA1c cutoff for prediabetes and diabetes based on oral glucose tolerance test in obese children and adolescents. / Nam, Hyo-Kyoung; Cho, Won Kyoung; Kim, Jae Hyun; Rhie, Young-Jun; Chung, Sochung; Lee, Kee Hyoung; Suh, Byung Kyu.

In: Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol. 33, No. 12, e93, 19.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is a traditional diagnostic tool for diabetes. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is an alternative method used in adults; however, its application in youths has been controversial. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of HbA1c and determined optimal cutoff points for detecting prediabetes and diabetes in youth. Methods: This retrospective study included 389 obese children (217 boys, 55.8{\%}) who had undergone simultaneous OGTT and HbA1c testing at six hospitals, Korea, between 2010 and 2016. Subjects were diagnosed with diabetes (fasting glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L; 2-hour glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L) or prediabetes (fasting glucose 5.6-6.9 mmol/L; 2-hour glucose 7.8-11.0 mmol/L). The diagnostic performance of HbA1c for prediabetes and diabetes was determined using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: At diagnosis, 197 (50.6{\%}) subjects had normoglycemia, 121 (31.1{\%}) had prediabetes, and 71 (18.3{\%}) had diabetes. The kappa coefficient for agreement between OGTT and HbA1c was 0.464. The optimal HbA1c cutoff points were 5.8{\%} (AUC, 0.795; a sensitivity of 64.1{\%} and a specificity of 83.8{\%}) for prediabetes and 6.2{\%} (AUC, 0.972; a sensitivity of 91.5{\%} and a specificity of 93.7{\%}) for diabetes. When HbA1c (≥ 6.2{\%}) and 2-hour glucose level were used to diagnose diabetes, 100{\%} were detected. Conclusion: Pediatric criteria for HbA1c remain unclear, therefore, we recommend the combination of fasting and 2-hour glucose levels, in addition to HbA1c, in the diagnosis of childhood prediabetes and diabetes.",
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AU - Nam, Hyo-Kyoung

AU - Cho, Won Kyoung

AU - Kim, Jae Hyun

AU - Rhie, Young-Jun

AU - Chung, Sochung

AU - Lee, Kee Hyoung

AU - Suh, Byung Kyu

PY - 2018/3/19

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N2 - Background: Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is a traditional diagnostic tool for diabetes. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is an alternative method used in adults; however, its application in youths has been controversial. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of HbA1c and determined optimal cutoff points for detecting prediabetes and diabetes in youth. Methods: This retrospective study included 389 obese children (217 boys, 55.8%) who had undergone simultaneous OGTT and HbA1c testing at six hospitals, Korea, between 2010 and 2016. Subjects were diagnosed with diabetes (fasting glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L; 2-hour glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L) or prediabetes (fasting glucose 5.6-6.9 mmol/L; 2-hour glucose 7.8-11.0 mmol/L). The diagnostic performance of HbA1c for prediabetes and diabetes was determined using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: At diagnosis, 197 (50.6%) subjects had normoglycemia, 121 (31.1%) had prediabetes, and 71 (18.3%) had diabetes. The kappa coefficient for agreement between OGTT and HbA1c was 0.464. The optimal HbA1c cutoff points were 5.8% (AUC, 0.795; a sensitivity of 64.1% and a specificity of 83.8%) for prediabetes and 6.2% (AUC, 0.972; a sensitivity of 91.5% and a specificity of 93.7%) for diabetes. When HbA1c (≥ 6.2%) and 2-hour glucose level were used to diagnose diabetes, 100% were detected. Conclusion: Pediatric criteria for HbA1c remain unclear, therefore, we recommend the combination of fasting and 2-hour glucose levels, in addition to HbA1c, in the diagnosis of childhood prediabetes and diabetes.

AB - Background: Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is a traditional diagnostic tool for diabetes. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is an alternative method used in adults; however, its application in youths has been controversial. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of HbA1c and determined optimal cutoff points for detecting prediabetes and diabetes in youth. Methods: This retrospective study included 389 obese children (217 boys, 55.8%) who had undergone simultaneous OGTT and HbA1c testing at six hospitals, Korea, between 2010 and 2016. Subjects were diagnosed with diabetes (fasting glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L; 2-hour glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L) or prediabetes (fasting glucose 5.6-6.9 mmol/L; 2-hour glucose 7.8-11.0 mmol/L). The diagnostic performance of HbA1c for prediabetes and diabetes was determined using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: At diagnosis, 197 (50.6%) subjects had normoglycemia, 121 (31.1%) had prediabetes, and 71 (18.3%) had diabetes. The kappa coefficient for agreement between OGTT and HbA1c was 0.464. The optimal HbA1c cutoff points were 5.8% (AUC, 0.795; a sensitivity of 64.1% and a specificity of 83.8%) for prediabetes and 6.2% (AUC, 0.972; a sensitivity of 91.5% and a specificity of 93.7%) for diabetes. When HbA1c (≥ 6.2%) and 2-hour glucose level were used to diagnose diabetes, 100% were detected. Conclusion: Pediatric criteria for HbA1c remain unclear, therefore, we recommend the combination of fasting and 2-hour glucose levels, in addition to HbA1c, in the diagnosis of childhood prediabetes and diabetes.

KW - Diabetes mellitus

KW - Diagnosis

KW - Glucose tolerance test

KW - HbA1c

KW - Prediabetic state

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