Health Consequences of Sarcopenic Obesity: A Narrative Review

Eun Roh, Kyung Mook Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sarcopenia is defined as the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength or physical performance. Increased amounts of adipose tissue often accompany sarcopenia, a condition referred to as sarcopenic obesity. The prevalence of sarcopenic obesity among adults is rapidly increasing worldwide. However, the lack of a universal definition of sarcopenia limits comparisons between studies. Sarcopenia and obesity have similar pathophysiologic factors, including lifestyle behaviors, hormones, and immunological factors, all of which may synergistically affect the risk of developing a series of adverse health issues. Increasing evidence has shown that sarcopenic obesity is associated with accelerated functional decline and increased risks of cardiometabolic diseases and mortality. Therefore, the identification of sarcopenic obesity may be critical for clinicians in aging societies. In this review, we discuss the effect of sarcopenic obesity on multiple health outcomes and its role as a predictor of these outcomes based on the components of sarcopenia, including muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number332
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 21

Keywords

  • aging
  • lean body mass
  • morbidity
  • muscle strength
  • obesity
  • sarcopenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Health Consequences of Sarcopenic Obesity: A Narrative Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this