Health indicators related to disease, death, and reproduction

Jeoungbin Choi, Moran Ki, Ho Jang Kwon, Boyoung Park, Sanghyuk Bae, Chang Mo Oh, Byung-Chul Chun, Gyung Jae Oh, Young Hoon Lee, Tae Yong Lee, Hae Kwan Cheong, Bo Youl Choi, Jung Han Park, Sue K. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the primary goals of epidemiology is to quantify various aspects of a population's health, illness, and death status and the determinants (or risk factors) thereof by calculating health indicators that measure the magnitudes of various conditions. There has been some confusion regarding health indicators, with discrepancies in usage among organizations such as the World Health Organization the, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the CDC of other countries, and the usage of the relevant terminology may vary across papers. Therefore, in this review, we would like to propose appropriate terminological definitions for health indicators based on the most commonly used meanings and/or the terms used by official agencies, in order to bring clarity to this area of confusion. We have used appropriate examples to make each health indicator easy for the reader to understand. We have included practical exercises for some health indicators to help readers understand the underlying concepts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-20
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Concept
  • Epidemiology
  • Health indicators
  • Terminology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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  • Cite this

    Choi, J., Ki, M., Kwon, H. J., Park, B., Bae, S., Oh, C. M., Chun, B-C., Oh, G. J., Lee, Y. H., Lee, T. Y., Cheong, H. K., Choi, B. Y., Park, J. H., & Park, S. K. (2019). Health indicators related to disease, death, and reproduction. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 52(1), 14-20. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.250