Health inequity among waged workers by employment status

Jinwook Bahk, Yoon Jung Han, Seung-Sup Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the differences in employment status and self assessed health in Korea. Methods: We analyzed 4 year follow-up data generated by the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study(KLIPS), which was conducted on 1,207 men and 582 women who had undergone a change in employment status. The study subjects were placed into 1 of the following 4 groups based on their employment history; Non-precarious workers, Precarious to non-precarious workers, Non-precarious to precarious workers and Precarious workers. Logistic regression was then used to examine the relationship between the changes in employment status and self assessed health. Results: When males were considered, self assessed health was better among the precarious to non-precarious workers (OR 1.58, 95% CI=1.57-1.60) and the precarious workers (OR 1.29, 95% CI=1.28-1.30) than in the nonprecarious workers, after adjusting for age, socioeconomic status (education level, occupational class, marital status, average equivalent household income and average number of hours worked per week), health behavior (smoking, drinking and exercise) and medical service access (regular medical examination, have chronic disease or hospitalized within 1 year). When female workers were considered, the precarious to non-precarious workers (OR 1.89, 95% CI=1.86-1.92), non-precarious to precarious workers(OR 1.24, 95% CI=1.23-1.26) and precarious workers (OR 1.27, 95% CI=1.25-1.28) all reported poorer health than the nonprecarious workers after adjusting for the aforementioned factors. Conclusions: This study showed that changes in employment status were associated with differences in self assessed health among men and women. Specifically, the results of this study showed that a corresponding positive outcome based on self assessed health was greater for employees that changed from precarious to non-precarious jobs and for male employees with precarious jobs, whereas female employees with non-precarious jobs had higher self assessed health. However, additional longitudinal studies on the health effects of employment status should be conducted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-396
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Health
Men's Health
Health Behavior
Marital Status
Women's Health
Korea
Social Class
Drinking
Longitudinal Studies
Chronic Disease
Logistic Models
Smoking
Exercise
Education

Keywords

  • Employment
  • Health status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Health inequity among waged workers by employment status. / Bahk, Jinwook; Jung Han, Yoon; Kim, Seung-Sup.

In: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol. 40, No. 5, 01.09.2007, p. 388-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b64aa947616f4620add8d4399aeb312e,
title = "Health inequity among waged workers by employment status",
abstract = "Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the differences in employment status and self assessed health in Korea. Methods: We analyzed 4 year follow-up data generated by the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study(KLIPS), which was conducted on 1,207 men and 582 women who had undergone a change in employment status. The study subjects were placed into 1 of the following 4 groups based on their employment history; Non-precarious workers, Precarious to non-precarious workers, Non-precarious to precarious workers and Precarious workers. Logistic regression was then used to examine the relationship between the changes in employment status and self assessed health. Results: When males were considered, self assessed health was better among the precarious to non-precarious workers (OR 1.58, 95{\%} CI=1.57-1.60) and the precarious workers (OR 1.29, 95{\%} CI=1.28-1.30) than in the nonprecarious workers, after adjusting for age, socioeconomic status (education level, occupational class, marital status, average equivalent household income and average number of hours worked per week), health behavior (smoking, drinking and exercise) and medical service access (regular medical examination, have chronic disease or hospitalized within 1 year). When female workers were considered, the precarious to non-precarious workers (OR 1.89, 95{\%} CI=1.86-1.92), non-precarious to precarious workers(OR 1.24, 95{\%} CI=1.23-1.26) and precarious workers (OR 1.27, 95{\%} CI=1.25-1.28) all reported poorer health than the nonprecarious workers after adjusting for the aforementioned factors. Conclusions: This study showed that changes in employment status were associated with differences in self assessed health among men and women. Specifically, the results of this study showed that a corresponding positive outcome based on self assessed health was greater for employees that changed from precarious to non-precarious jobs and for male employees with precarious jobs, whereas female employees with non-precarious jobs had higher self assessed health. However, additional longitudinal studies on the health effects of employment status should be conducted.",
keywords = "Employment, Health status",
author = "Jinwook Bahk and {Jung Han}, Yoon and Seung-Sup Kim",
year = "2007",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.5.388",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "388--396",
journal = "Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health",
issn = "1975-8375",
publisher = "Korean Society for Preventive Medicine",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Health inequity among waged workers by employment status

AU - Bahk, Jinwook

AU - Jung Han, Yoon

AU - Kim, Seung-Sup

PY - 2007/9/1

Y1 - 2007/9/1

N2 - Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the differences in employment status and self assessed health in Korea. Methods: We analyzed 4 year follow-up data generated by the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study(KLIPS), which was conducted on 1,207 men and 582 women who had undergone a change in employment status. The study subjects were placed into 1 of the following 4 groups based on their employment history; Non-precarious workers, Precarious to non-precarious workers, Non-precarious to precarious workers and Precarious workers. Logistic regression was then used to examine the relationship between the changes in employment status and self assessed health. Results: When males were considered, self assessed health was better among the precarious to non-precarious workers (OR 1.58, 95% CI=1.57-1.60) and the precarious workers (OR 1.29, 95% CI=1.28-1.30) than in the nonprecarious workers, after adjusting for age, socioeconomic status (education level, occupational class, marital status, average equivalent household income and average number of hours worked per week), health behavior (smoking, drinking and exercise) and medical service access (regular medical examination, have chronic disease or hospitalized within 1 year). When female workers were considered, the precarious to non-precarious workers (OR 1.89, 95% CI=1.86-1.92), non-precarious to precarious workers(OR 1.24, 95% CI=1.23-1.26) and precarious workers (OR 1.27, 95% CI=1.25-1.28) all reported poorer health than the nonprecarious workers after adjusting for the aforementioned factors. Conclusions: This study showed that changes in employment status were associated with differences in self assessed health among men and women. Specifically, the results of this study showed that a corresponding positive outcome based on self assessed health was greater for employees that changed from precarious to non-precarious jobs and for male employees with precarious jobs, whereas female employees with non-precarious jobs had higher self assessed health. However, additional longitudinal studies on the health effects of employment status should be conducted.

AB - Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the differences in employment status and self assessed health in Korea. Methods: We analyzed 4 year follow-up data generated by the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study(KLIPS), which was conducted on 1,207 men and 582 women who had undergone a change in employment status. The study subjects were placed into 1 of the following 4 groups based on their employment history; Non-precarious workers, Precarious to non-precarious workers, Non-precarious to precarious workers and Precarious workers. Logistic regression was then used to examine the relationship between the changes in employment status and self assessed health. Results: When males were considered, self assessed health was better among the precarious to non-precarious workers (OR 1.58, 95% CI=1.57-1.60) and the precarious workers (OR 1.29, 95% CI=1.28-1.30) than in the nonprecarious workers, after adjusting for age, socioeconomic status (education level, occupational class, marital status, average equivalent household income and average number of hours worked per week), health behavior (smoking, drinking and exercise) and medical service access (regular medical examination, have chronic disease or hospitalized within 1 year). When female workers were considered, the precarious to non-precarious workers (OR 1.89, 95% CI=1.86-1.92), non-precarious to precarious workers(OR 1.24, 95% CI=1.23-1.26) and precarious workers (OR 1.27, 95% CI=1.25-1.28) all reported poorer health than the nonprecarious workers after adjusting for the aforementioned factors. Conclusions: This study showed that changes in employment status were associated with differences in self assessed health among men and women. Specifically, the results of this study showed that a corresponding positive outcome based on self assessed health was greater for employees that changed from precarious to non-precarious jobs and for male employees with precarious jobs, whereas female employees with non-precarious jobs had higher self assessed health. However, additional longitudinal studies on the health effects of employment status should be conducted.

KW - Employment

KW - Health status

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=36048976244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=36048976244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.5.388

DO - 10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.5.388

M3 - Article

C2 - 17917487

AN - SCOPUS:36048976244

VL - 40

SP - 388

EP - 396

JO - Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

JF - Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

SN - 1975-8375

IS - 5

ER -