Healthcare-associated risk factors of vancomycin-resistant enterococci colonization among outpatients undergoing hemodialysis

Sae Yoon Kee, Cheong Won Park, Ji Eun Lee, Young Joo Kwon, Heui Jung Pyo, Woo Joo Kim, Hee Jin Cheong

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Stool specimens and data were obtained from 399 outpatients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) in order to estimate the colonization rate of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and to determine risk factors for VRE acquisition. The prevalence of VRE colonization in outpatients ranged from 0z-22.2z. Risk factors associated with VRE colonization were high hierarchy of hospital, short duration of HD, recent hospitalization, prior use of antimicrobial products, high platelet count, and low hemoglobin/albumin/blood urea nitrogen/creatinine levels, showing that VRE colonization was more common in patients with prior infections and poor nutritional status. Although pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis showed that most VRE isolates had diverse patterns, 2 paired cases from separate hospitals presented identical PFGE types.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-60
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 2


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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