Heavy metal risk management: Case analysis

Ji Ae Kim, Seung Ha Lee, Seung Hyun Choi, Ki Kyung Jung, Mi Sun Park, Ji Yoon Jeong, Myung Sil Hwang, Hae Jung Yoon, Dalwoong Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


To prepare measures for practical policy utilization and the control of heavy metals, hazard control related institutions by country, present states of control by country, and present states of control by heavy metals were examined. Hazard control cases by heavy metals in various countries were compared and analyzed. In certain countries (e.g., the U.S., the U.K., and Japan), hazardous substancesfound in foods (e.g., arsenic, lead, cadmium, and mercury) are controlled. In addition, the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) recommends calculating the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) of individual heavy metals instead of the acceptable daily intake (ADI) to compare their pollution levels considering their toxicity accumulated in the human body. In Korea, exposure assessments have been conducted, and in other countries, hazardous substances are controlled by variousgoverning bodies. As such, in Korea and other countries, diverse food heavy metal monitoring and human body exposure assessments are conducted, and reducing measures are prepared accordingly. To reduce the danger of hazardous substances, many countries provide leaflets and guidelines, develop hazardousheavy metal intake recommendations, and take necessary actions. Hazard control case analyses can assist in securing consumer safety by establishing systematic and reliable hazard control methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-149
Number of pages7
JournalToxicological Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Case analysis
  • Hazardous substances
  • Heavy metal
  • Risk management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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