Hepatocellular carcinoma during pregnancy: Is hepatocellular carcinoma more aggressive in pregnant patients?

Kang Kook Choi, Young Ju Hong, Sae-Byeol Choi, Young Nyun Park, Jin Sub Choi, Woo Jung Lee, Kyung Sik Kim

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Background/purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) during pregnancy is a very rare condition and is believed to have a worse prognosis than HCC in non-pregnant women. We evaluated the prognosis and the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for HCC in pregnant women. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 4 cases in our hospital and 44 cases described in the medical literature since 1957; we also compared the cases reported before 1995 and those reported during/after 1995. Results: The overall 6-month and 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates in the patients reported in the literature were 50, 29.5, 18.2, and 13.6%, respectively (n = 44). The mean ages at diagnosis before and during/after 1995 were 31.4 ± 7.2 and 28.9 ± 4.4 years, respectively (P = 0.113). The following characteristics were significantly more common in the later group: fewer pregnancies; the absence of advanced signs or symptoms; receipt of therapy; tendency to undergo surgery; and higher 6-month and 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates. The median survivals of the groups before and during/after 1995 were 18 and 25.5 months, respectively (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The morbidity and mortality of HCC during pregnancy has improved over time, as diagnoses have tended to be made earlier and patients have tended to receive surgical and other treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-431
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 1



  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Hepatology

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