Heterogeneously assembled metamaterials and metadevices via 3D modular transfer printing

Seungwoo Lee, Byungsoo Kang, Hohyun Keum, Numair Ahmed, John A. Rogers, Placid M. Ferreira, Seok Kim, Bumki Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Metamaterials have made the exotic control of the flow of electromagnetic waves possible, which is difficult to achieve with natural materials. In recent years, the emergence of functional metadevices has shown immense potential for the practical realization of highly efficient photonic devices. However, complex and heterogeneous architectures that enable diverse functionalities of metamaterials and metadevices have been challenging to realize because of the limited manufacturing capabilities of conventional fabrication methods. Here, we show that three-dimensional (3D) modular transfer printing can be used to construct diverse metamaterials in complex 3D architectures on universal substrates, which is attractive for achieving on-demand photonic properties. Few repetitive processing steps and rapid constructions are additional advantages of 3D modular transfer printing. Thus, this method provides a fascinating route to generate flexible and stretchable 2D/3D metamaterials and metadevices with heterogeneous material components, complex device architectures, and diverse functionalities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27621
JournalScientific reports
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 10
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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