Hierarchical hollow dual Core–Shell carbon nanowall-encapsulated p–n SnO/SnO2 heterostructured anode for high-performance lithium-ion-based energy storage

A. Young Kim, Ryanda Enggar Anugrah Ardhi, Guicheng Liu, Ji Young Kim, Hyun Jin Shin, Dong Jin Byun, Joong Kee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A hierarchical hollow SnO/SnO2 heterostructure anode surrounded by a dual carbon layer (DCL@SnO/SnO2), inner (host) and outer carbon layers, was successfully designed via a simple hydrothermal method with a single Sn precursor to achieving high-performance Li-ion batteries (LIBs) and Li-ion capacitors (LICs). The carbon nanotube (CNT)-based inner carbon host and an ultrathin outer amorphous carbon layer introduced at the SnO/SnO2 heterostructure had good elasticity and high electrical properties to prevent volume change and ensure fast Li-ion transport during cycling, respectively. Meanwhile, the SnO/SnO2 heterostructure comprising p-type SnO and n-type SnO2 facilitated further fast interfacial Li-ion transfer within the p–n SnO/SnO2 heterojunction anode via the acceleration effect induced by the built-in electric field (BEF). The resulting half cells LIBs consisting DCL@SnO/SnO2 anode shows a high reversible specific capacity of 902.1 mAh g−1 after 500 cycles at a current density of 1400 mA g−1. The specific capacity of 347.04 mAh g−1 was still maintained even at a high current density of 10 000 mA g−1. Moreover, the maximum energy and power density of 125 W kg−1 and 200 Wh kg−1, respectively, were achieved from the half cells LIC comprising DCL@SnO/SnO2 anode (LIC-DCL@SnO/SnO2).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-72
Number of pages11
JournalCarbon
Volume153
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1

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Lithium
Energy storage
Anodes
Carbon
Ions
Heterojunctions
Capacitors
Current density
Carbon Nanotubes
Amorphous carbon
Elasticity
Carbon nanotubes
Electric properties
Electric fields
Lithium-ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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Hierarchical hollow dual Core–Shell carbon nanowall-encapsulated p–n SnO/SnO2 heterostructured anode for high-performance lithium-ion-based energy storage. / Kim, A. Young; Ardhi, Ryanda Enggar Anugrah; Liu, Guicheng; Kim, Ji Young; Shin, Hyun Jin; Byun, Dong Jin; Lee, Joong Kee.

In: Carbon, Vol. 153, 01.11.2019, p. 62-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, A. Young ; Ardhi, Ryanda Enggar Anugrah ; Liu, Guicheng ; Kim, Ji Young ; Shin, Hyun Jin ; Byun, Dong Jin ; Lee, Joong Kee. / Hierarchical hollow dual Core–Shell carbon nanowall-encapsulated p–n SnO/SnO2 heterostructured anode for high-performance lithium-ion-based energy storage. In: Carbon. 2019 ; Vol. 153. pp. 62-72.
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abstract = "A hierarchical hollow SnO/SnO2 heterostructure anode surrounded by a dual carbon layer (DCL@SnO/SnO2), inner (host) and outer carbon layers, was successfully designed via a simple hydrothermal method with a single Sn precursor to achieving high-performance Li-ion batteries (LIBs) and Li-ion capacitors (LICs). The carbon nanotube (CNT)-based inner carbon host and an ultrathin outer amorphous carbon layer introduced at the SnO/SnO2 heterostructure had good elasticity and high electrical properties to prevent volume change and ensure fast Li-ion transport during cycling, respectively. Meanwhile, the SnO/SnO2 heterostructure comprising p-type SnO and n-type SnO2 facilitated further fast interfacial Li-ion transfer within the p–n SnO/SnO2 heterojunction anode via the acceleration effect induced by the built-in electric field (BEF). The resulting half cells LIBs consisting DCL@SnO/SnO2 anode shows a high reversible specific capacity of 902.1 mAh g−1 after 500 cycles at a current density of 1400 mA g−1. The specific capacity of 347.04 mAh g−1 was still maintained even at a high current density of 10 000 mA g−1. Moreover, the maximum energy and power density of 125 W kg−1 and 200 Wh kg−1, respectively, were achieved from the half cells LIC comprising DCL@SnO/SnO2 anode (LIC-DCL@SnO/SnO2).",
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