High-Fidelity, Sub-5 nm Patterns from High-χ Block Copolymer Films with Vapor-Deposited Ultrathin, Cross-Linked Surface-Modification Layers

Hyun Suk Wang, Seula Oh, Junhwan Choi, Wontae Jang, Ki Hyun Kim, Carlos Luis Arellano, June Huh, Joona Bang, Sung Gap Im

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite their capability, sub-10 nm periodic nano-patterns formed by strongly segregating block copolymer (BCP) thin films cannot be easily oriented perpendicular to the substrate due to the huge surface energy differences of the constituent blocks. To produce perpendicular nano-patterns, the interfacial energies of both the substrate and free interfaces should be controlled precisely to induce non-preferential wetting. Unfortunately, high-performance surface modification layers are challenging to design, and different kinds of surface modification methods must be devised respectively for each neutral layer and top coat. Furthermore, conventional approaches, largely based on spin-coating processes, are highly prone to defect formation and may readily cause dewetting at sub-10 nm thickness. To date, these obstacles have hampered the development of high-fidelity, sub-5 nm BCP patterns. Herein, an all-vapor phase deposition approach initiated chemical vapor deposition is demonstrated to form 9-nm-thick, uniform neutral bottom layer and top coat with exquisite control of composition and thickness. These layers are employed in BCP films to produce perpendicular cylinders with a diameter of ≈4 nm that propagate throughout a BCP thickness of up to ≈60 nm, corresponding to five natural domain spacings of the BCP. Such a robust approach will serve as an advancement for the reliable generation of sub-10 nm nano-patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900514
JournalMacromolecular Rapid Communications
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Jan 1

Keywords

  • block copolymer thin films
  • initiated chemical vapor deposition
  • microdomain orientation
  • sub-5 nm nano-patterns
  • top coat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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