Objective: To determine whether the plasma level of free fatty acid (FFA) could be associated with recurrent stroke in cardioembolic (CE) stroke patients. Methods: We analyzed data from 669 acute ischemic stroke patients and examined the association between FFA concentration and recurrent stroke in CE stroke patients compared with non-CE stroke patients. Results: The baseline plasma FFA concentration (mEq/L) was approximately 1.5-fold higher in CE stroke patients (1.01 6 0.63) than in non-CE stroke patients (0.72 6 0.51). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that an increased level of FFA was significantly associated with CE stroke (hazard ratio [HR] 2.124, confidence interval [CI] 1.492-3.024). During the mean follow-up period of 25.4 months, a total of 56 (8.4%) patients experienced a stroke recurrence. The recurrence rate did not differ between patients with CE (10.5%) and non-CE (8.0%) stroke (p 5 0.396). In CE stroke patients, an elevated baseline FFA concentration was independently associated with stroke recurrence (HR 2.711, CI 1.056-6.959). However, there was no association between FFA and stroke recurrence in non-CE stroke patients. Conclusion: In this retrospective registry-based observational study, CE stroke seemed to be associated with elevated plasma level of FFA. In addition, the present study suggested that an elevated FFA concentration could be a useful indicator for predicting recurrent stroke in CE stroke patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology