High mechanical properties of covalently functionalized carbon fiber and polypropylene composites by enhanced interfacial adhesion derived from rationally designed polymer compatibilizers

Heun Young Seo, Kie Yong Cho, Dohyun Im, Young Je Kwon, Minyoung Shon, Kyung Youl Baek, Ho Gyu Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) are still limited the used in the automotive industry mainly by the weak interfacial adhesion between the fiber and polymer matrix. Herein, to improve interfacial interactions between the carbon fiber (CF) and polypropylene (PP) matrix, poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-b-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA-b-PMMA, PDM) compatibilizers are applied to functionalize the CF surface through a covalent bonding with epoxide groups on the chemically modified CF surface with tertiary amines in the PDMAEMA block, which induced intermolecular entanglement with PP chains with the PMD compatibilizers. The acquired compatibilizer-functionalized CF (CECF) was applied to fabricate PP composites by a melt-mixing method. The highly improved interfacial adhesion between the CECF and PP was confirmed by evaluating thermal, morphological, rheological, and mechanical properties. Based on the significantly enhanced interfacial adhesion, notably, the tensile strength and modulus of the CECF/PP composite exhibited a massive increase by ca. 312% and 664%, respectively, relative to those of the PP resin. The Ashby plot facilitated understanding that the acquired mechanical properties of the CECF/PP composite showed a relatively ideal position compared to reported PP composites and centered on the commercially available region in automotive components.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109439
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume228
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Carbon fibers
  • Interfacial adhesion
  • Mechanical properties
  • Surface treatments
  • Thermoplastic resins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'High mechanical properties of covalently functionalized carbon fiber and polypropylene composites by enhanced interfacial adhesion derived from rationally designed polymer compatibilizers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this