High mobility field-effect transistors based on MoS2crystals grown by the flux method

Vilas Patil, Jihyun Kim, Khushabu Agrawal, Tuson Park, Junsin Yi, Nobuyuki Aoki, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Gil Ho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two-dimensional (2D) molybdenum disulphide (MoS2) transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have great potential for use in optical and electronic device applications; however, the performance of MoS2 is limited by its crystal quality, which serves as a measure of the defects and grain boundaries in the grown material. Therefore, the high-quality growth of MoS2 crystals continues to be a critical issue. In this context, we propose the formation of high-quality MoS2 crystals via the flux method. The resulting electrical properties demonstrate the significant impact of crystal morphology on the performance of MoS2 field-effect transistors. MoS2 made with a relatively higher concentration of sulphur (a molar ratio of 2.2) and at a cooling rate of 2.5 C h-1 yielded good quality and optimally sized crystals. The room-temperature and low-temperature (77 K) electrical transport properties of MoS2 field-effect transistors (FETs) were studied in detail, with and without the use of a hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) dielectric to address the mobility degradation issue due to scattering at the SiO2/2D material interface. A maximum field-effect mobility of 113 cm2 V-1 s-1 was achieved at 77 K for the MoS2/h-BN FET following high-quality crystal formation by the flux method. Our results confirm the achievement of large-scale high-quality crystal growth with reduced defect density using the flux method and are key to achieving higher mobility in MoS2 FET devices in parallel with commercially accessible MoS2 crystals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number325603
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug 6
Externally publishedYes


  • Field-effect transistor
  • Flux method
  • MoS2
  • hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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