High Mobility Group Box Chromosomal Protein-1 Induces Myofibroblast Differentiation and Extracellular Matrix Production via RAGE, p38, JNK and AP-1 Signaling Pathways in Nasal Fibroblasts

Soo Hyung Lee, Jae Hoon Cho, Joo Hoo Park, Jung Sun Cho, Heung Man Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis is involved in myofibroblast differentiation and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. High mobility group box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB-1) is known to stimulate lung fibroblast to produce ECM in lung fibrosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether HMGB-1 induces myofibroblast differentiation and ECM production in nasal fibroblasts and to identify the signal pathway. Methods: Human nasal fibroblasts were cultured. After stimulation with HMGB-1, expressions of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and fibronectin were determined by real-time PCR and western blot. Total collagen was measured by Sircol assay. To investigate signal pathway, various signal inhibitors and RAGE siRNA were used. Results: HMGB-1 increased α-SMA and fibronectin in mRNA and protein levels. It also increased collagen production. RAGE siRNA inhibited HMGB-1-induced α-SMA and fibronectin, and production of collagen. Furthermore, the inhibitors of RAGE downstream molecules such as p38, JNK and AP-1 also blocked the HMGB-1-induced effects. Conclusions: HMGB-1 induces myofibroblast differentiation and ECM production in nasal fibroblast, which is mediated by RAGE, p38, JNK and AP-1 signal pathway. These results suggest that HMGB-1 may play an important role in tissue remodeling during chronic rhinosinusitis progression.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Rhinology and Allergy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • HMGB1
  • RAGE
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • extracellular matrix
  • myofibrblast
  • nasal fibroblast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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