High-Performance Acellular Tissue Scaffold Combined with Hydrogel Polymers for Regenerative Medicine

Eunsoo Lee, Hyun Jung Kim, Mohammed R. Shaker, Jae Ryun Ryu, Min Seok Ham, Soo Hong Seo, Dai Hyun Kim, Kiwon Lee, Neoncheol Jung, Youngshik Choe, Gi Hoon Son, Im Joo Rhyu, Woong Sun

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Abstract

Decellularization of tissues provides extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds for regeneration therapy and an experimental model to understand ECM and cellular interactions. However, decellularization often causes microstructure disintegration and reduction of physical strength, which greatly limits the use of this technique in soft organs or in applications that require maintenance of physical strength. Here, we present a new tissue decellularization procedure, namely CASPER (Clinically and Experimentally Applicable Acellular Tissue Scaffold Production for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine), which includes infusion and hydrogel polymerization steps prior to robust chemical decellularization treatments. Polymerized hydrogels serve to prevent excessive damage to the ECM while maintaining the sophisticated structures and biological activities of ECM components in various organs, including soft tissues such as brains and embryos. CASPERized tissues were successfully recellularized to stimulate a tissue-regeneration-like process after implantation without signs of pathological inflammation or fibrosis in vivo, suggesting that CASPERized tissues can be used for monitoring cell-ECM interactions and for surrogate organ transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • hernia repair
  • tissue decellularization
  • tissue engineering
  • tissue regeneration
  • tissue scaffold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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