High-Performance Compton SPECT Using Both Photoelectric and Compton Scattering Events

Taewoong Lee, Younghak Kim, Won Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In conventional single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), only the photoelectric events in the detectors are used for image reconstruction. However, if the 131I isotope, which emits high-energy radiations (364, 637, and 723 keV), is used in nuclear medicine, both photoelectric and Compton scattering events can be used for image reconstruction. The purpose of our work is to perform simulations for Compton SPECT by using the Geant4 application for tomographic emission (GATE). The performance of Compton SPECT is evaluated and compared with that of conventional SPECT. The Compton SPECT unit has an area of 12 cm × 12 cm with four gantry heads. Each head is composed of a 2-cm tungsten collimator and a 40×40 array of CdZnTe (CZT) crystals with a 3×3 mm2 area and a 6-mm thickness. Compton SPECT can use not only the photoelectric effect but also the Compton scattering effect for image reconstruction. The correct sequential order of the interactions used for image reconstruction is determined using the angular resolution measurement (ARM) method and the energies deposited in each detector. In all the results of simulations using spherical volume sources of various diameters, the reconstructed images of Compton SPECT show higher signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) without degradation of the image resolution when compared to those of conventional SPECT because the effective count for image reconstruction is higher. For a Derenzo-like phantom, the reconstructed images for different modalities are compared by visual inspection and by using their projected histograms in the X-direction of the reconstructed images.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1393-1398
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Volume73
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1

Fingerprint

tomography
image reconstruction
photons
scattering
photoelectric effect
gantry cranes
nuclear medicine
detectors
image resolution
collimators
angular resolution
histograms
inspection
tungsten
signal to noise ratios
simulation
isotopes
degradation
energy
radiation

Keywords

  • Compton SPECT
  • CZT crystal
  • Derenzo-like phantom
  • GATE simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

High-Performance Compton SPECT Using Both Photoelectric and Compton Scattering Events. / Lee, Taewoong; Kim, Younghak; Lee, Won Ho.

In: Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 73, No. 9, 01.11.2018, p. 1393-1398.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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