High performance CO2-perm-selective SSZ-13 membranes: Elucidation of the link between membrane material and module properties

Minseong Lee, Yanghwan Jeong, Sungwon Hong, Jungkyu Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Standard oil synthetic zeolite-13 (SSZ-13) membranes separate CO2 (0.33 nm) from larger molecules (N2 (0.364 nm) and CH4 (0.38 nm)) via micropore (0.37 × 0.42 nm2) size differentiation and function well in humid CO2-containing feeds, thus allowing effective carbon capture. However, their separation performance in a module configuration is not fully understood. Here, we changed the membrane supports from discs to tubes and investigated the differences in CO2 perm-selectivities. The resulting hydrophobic SSZ-13 membranes had comparable and high separation factors (~20–30 for CO2/N2 and ~130–200 for CO2/CH4), while CO2 permeance increased under wet conditions from ~1.8 × 10−8 mol∙m−2 s−1∙Pa−1 (disc) to ~3.0–4.0 × 10−7 mol∙m−2 s−1∙Pa−1 (tube). In addition, a long term stability test confirms the robustness of the SSZ-13 membrane under wet conditions. Furthermore, we varied the operating conditions systematically to evaluate the membrane module properties (recovery and purity) in two sizes of permeation cells or single tube modules. Considering the module performance efficiency, approximately, 76% and 59% CO2 recovery and purity, respectively, were achieved using the tube-supported membrane with respect to a wet CO2/N2 mixture (mol:mol = 15:85; simulated for flue gas from coal-fired power plants). In addition, we derived a relationship between mass transport (related to CO2 molar flux) and feed gas flow properties. Specifically, mass transfer (represented by the Sherwood number) in the feed stream and CO2 molar flux across the membrane were related to the Reynolds number (a representative parameter of the feed stream). Finally, the Reynolds number was complemented with total feed pressure and CO2 feed flow rate; the combined parameter described the module performance (CO2 recovery and purity) well.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118390
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume611
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Carbon capture
  • Module separation performance
  • SSZ-13 zeolite
  • Single tube module
  • Zeolite membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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