High-rate superplasticity in an equiatomic medium-entropy VCoNi alloy enabled through dynamic recrystallization of a duplex microstructure of ordered phases

Seok Su Sohn, Dong Geun Kim, Yong Hee Jo, Alisson Kwiatkowski da Silva, Wenjun Lu, Andrew John Breen, Baptiste Gault, Dirk Ponge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Superplasticity proceeds from fine-grained structures and requires high intrinsic resistance to grain growth at the deformation temperature. Here, we show that a mixture of two kinds of brittle ordered phases enables superplastic behavior through dynamic recrystallization in an equiatomic medium-entropy VCoNi alloy as a model material. The alloy annealed at 900 °C exhibits a face-centered-cubic single phase. However, in-depth characterization at various length scales reveals that the alloy, when annealed at 800 °C, comprises two ordered phases: κ (Co1.2Ni1.3V) and σ (Co1.5NiV2.5). As a result of the conventional cold-rolling/annealing process and with the aid of an underlying eutectoid reaction, the alloy exhibits a duplex structure with an average grain size of less than 1 μm, i.e. microduplex structure. The size, morphology, and crystallographic orientation do not substantially change during static isothermal holding at 800 °C, which implies a very high resistance to grain growth. With tensile deformation at 800 °C, however, both phases develop into an equiaxed microstructure with low dislocation density and a dramatic change occurs in the crystallographic texture of the κ phase. These variations result from dynamic recrystallization (DRX), which leads to superplastic elongations of 330–450% at 700–800 °C and at strain rates ranging from 10 to 4 to 10−2 s−1. Notably, the superplastic behavior is favorable at the high strain rate due to the enhanced DRX activity, leading to the larger elongation with increasing strain rates. However, deformation-enhanced grain growth occurs concomitantly with dynamic recrystallization; these competitive processes are investigated to elucidate the mechanism of superplasticity in this model material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-117
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Volume194
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Dynamic grain coarsening
  • Dynamic recrystallization
  • Multi-principal element alloy
  • Ordered phase
  • Superplasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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