High-risk human papillomavirus infection in the prediction of poor treatment response and disease recurrence in patients with vulvovaginal condyloma

Yu Jin Koo, Yeon Sun Kim, Kyung Jin Min, Jin Hwa Hong, Jae Kwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To determine the predictive factors for progression and recurrence of vulvovaginal condyloma (VVC), with a specific focus on high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) infections. Methods Retrospective data were collected from 48 patients who were diagnosed with VVC and treated with topical trichloroacetic acid application or laser therapy during 2003-2014 at a hospital in South Korea. The diagnoses were made based on the presence of exophytic condylomatous lesions as assessed by direct visual inspection regardless of whether a biopsy was performed. Results Overall, 18 patients (50.0% of those with a test result) were positive for HR-HPV. Three-quarters of the patients with a poor treatment response had abnormal cytologies, and abnormal cytology was a risk factor for a poor response (odds ratio, 4.33 [95% confidence interval, 1.05-17.84]). During a median follow-up of 24 months, VVC recurred in seven (14.6%) patients. A high viral load (more than 50 relative light units) of HR-HPV was significantly associated with recurrence (odds ratio, 7.42, 95% confidence interval, 1.19-46.18). Conclusion A high HR-HPV load is a risk factor for recurrence, but is not related to treatment response. A poor treatment response is more related to abnormal cytology than it is to viral load.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-24
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume132
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Condyloma
  • Genital wart
  • HPV infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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