High-Sensitivity, Skin-Attachable, and Stretchable Array of Thermo-Responsive Suspended Gate Field-Effect Transistors with Thermochromic Display

Soo Yeong Hong, Min Su Kim, Heun Park, Sang Woo Jin, Yu Ra Jeong, Jeong Wook Kim, Yong Hui Lee, Lianfang Sun, Goangseup Zi, Jeong Sook Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fabrication of a skin-attachable, stretchable array of high-sensitivity temperature sensors is demonstrated. The temperature sensor consists of a single-walled carbon nanotube field-effect transistor with a suspended gate electrode of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM)-coated gold grid/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate and thermochromic leuco dye. The sensor exhibits a very high sensitivity of 6.5% °C−1 at temperatures between 25 and 45 °C. With increasing temperature, the suspended gate electrode bends due to the deswelling of the PNIPAM, resulting in the reduction of the air gap to increase the drain current under a constant gate voltage. At the same time, the leuco dye coated on top of the transparent gate electrode changes color to visualize changes in temperature. The 4 × 6 integrated temperature sensor array integrated using liquid metal interconnections exhibits mechanical and electrical stability under 50% biaxial stretching and allows for the spatial mapping of temperature with visual color display regardless of wrist movement while attached to the skin of the wrist. This work is expected to be widely useful in the development of skin-attachable electronics for medical and health-care monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1807679
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Gates (transistor)
Skin
temperature sensors
Temperature sensors
field effect transistors
Display devices
wrist
sensitivity
Health care
Electrodes
electrodes
Coloring Agents
Dyes
dyes
Carbon nanotube field effect transistors
Color
color
Temperature
temperature
Drain current

Keywords

  • electronic skins
  • liquid metal interconnections
  • skin-attachable transparent devices
  • stretchable temperature sensors
  • suspended gate field-effect transistors
  • thermochromic displays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

High-Sensitivity, Skin-Attachable, and Stretchable Array of Thermo-Responsive Suspended Gate Field-Effect Transistors with Thermochromic Display. / Hong, Soo Yeong; Kim, Min Su; Park, Heun; Jin, Sang Woo; Jeong, Yu Ra; Kim, Jeong Wook; Lee, Yong Hui; Sun, Lianfang; Zi, Goangseup; Ha, Jeong Sook.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hong, Soo Yeong ; Kim, Min Su ; Park, Heun ; Jin, Sang Woo ; Jeong, Yu Ra ; Kim, Jeong Wook ; Lee, Yong Hui ; Sun, Lianfang ; Zi, Goangseup ; Ha, Jeong Sook. / High-Sensitivity, Skin-Attachable, and Stretchable Array of Thermo-Responsive Suspended Gate Field-Effect Transistors with Thermochromic Display. In: Advanced Functional Materials. 2018.
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abstract = "The fabrication of a skin-attachable, stretchable array of high-sensitivity temperature sensors is demonstrated. The temperature sensor consists of a single-walled carbon nanotube field-effect transistor with a suspended gate electrode of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM)-coated gold grid/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate and thermochromic leuco dye. The sensor exhibits a very high sensitivity of 6.5{\%} °C−1 at temperatures between 25 and 45 °C. With increasing temperature, the suspended gate electrode bends due to the deswelling of the PNIPAM, resulting in the reduction of the air gap to increase the drain current under a constant gate voltage. At the same time, the leuco dye coated on top of the transparent gate electrode changes color to visualize changes in temperature. The 4 × 6 integrated temperature sensor array integrated using liquid metal interconnections exhibits mechanical and electrical stability under 50{\%} biaxial stretching and allows for the spatial mapping of temperature with visual color display regardless of wrist movement while attached to the skin of the wrist. This work is expected to be widely useful in the development of skin-attachable electronics for medical and health-care monitoring.",
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