Highly efficient electrodes for supercapacitors using silver-plated carbon nanofibers with enhanced mechanical flexibility and long-term stability

Yong Il Kim, Edmund Samuel, Bhavana Joshi, Min Woo Kim, Tae Gun Kim, Mark T. Swihart, Suk Goo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Highly flexible freestanding carbon nanofibers were electroplated with silver for use in supercapacitor applications. The brittle carbon nanofibers were encased within bendable silver shells to provide superior flexibility and resilience of the supercapacitors. The enhanced electrical conductivity derived from the silver shell structure dramatically increased the capacitance of the supercapacitor. The silver shell also conferred structural stability to the carbon core, thus furnishing stable, long-term electrode performance. Nearly 100% of the specific capacitance was retained after N = 10,000 galvanostatic charge-discharge cycles. The mechanical endurance or stability of the fabricated electrode was evaluated using 1,000 bending cycles, demonstrating that the electrode performance remained unchanged. Cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic discharge curves were measured at various scan rates and current densities. The fabricated electrodes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy, which clearly illustrated the carbon-core and silver-shell structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume353
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Carbon nanofibers
Silver
silver
electrode
Electrodes
shell
carbon
Capacitance
Carbon
X-ray spectroscopy
Cyclic voltammetry
electrical conductivity
transmission electron microscopy
Durability
Current density
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
scanning electron microscopy
Supercapacitor
Transmission electron microscopy
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Ag
  • Carbon nanofiber
  • Electroplating
  • Electrospinning
  • Flexible electrode
  • Supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Highly efficient electrodes for supercapacitors using silver-plated carbon nanofibers with enhanced mechanical flexibility and long-term stability. / Kim, Yong Il; Samuel, Edmund; Joshi, Bhavana; Kim, Min Woo; Kim, Tae Gun; Swihart, Mark T.; Yoon, Suk Goo.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 353, 01.12.2018, p. 189-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Yong Il ; Samuel, Edmund ; Joshi, Bhavana ; Kim, Min Woo ; Kim, Tae Gun ; Swihart, Mark T. ; Yoon, Suk Goo. / Highly efficient electrodes for supercapacitors using silver-plated carbon nanofibers with enhanced mechanical flexibility and long-term stability. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 353. pp. 189-196.
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AU - Kim, Tae Gun

AU - Swihart, Mark T.

AU - Yoon, Suk Goo

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