Highly efficient solid-state mesoscopic PbS with embedded CuS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells

Joong Pill Park, Jin Hyuck Heo, Sang Hyuk Im, Sang Wook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We synthesized a new type of PbS colloidal quantum dot (QDs) embedding CuS (PbS[CuS] QDs) by rapid injection of a sulfur precursor into a lead precursor solution followed by cation exchange of Pb with Cu ions. By the cation exchange reaction, the edge of PbS QDs was partially converted into CuS, which enhances the absorptivity of light and creates an additional absorption band in the near infrared (NIR) region due to the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect by the existence of vacancies in CuS. From the transient and static photoluminescence (PL) decay measurements, we found that the PL decay time of PbS[CuS] QDs was ∼2 fold longer than that of the PbS QDs and the PbS[CuS] QDs showed great PL quenching compared to the PbS QDs. Accordingly, the generated excitons in PbS/CuS QDs are more easily dissociated into free charge carriers than those in the PbS QDs. As a result, the mesoscopic PbS/CuS QD-sensitized solar cells constructed using FTO (F-doped SnO2)/bl-TiO2 (blocking TiO2)/mesoscopic TiO2/PbS/CuS CQDs/P3HT (poly-3-hexylthiophene)/Au showed 0.6 V open-circuit voltage (Voc), 20.7 mA cm-2 short-circuit current density (Jsc), 65% fill factor (FF), and 8.07% overall power conversion efficiency under 1 sun conditions (100 mW cm-2 AM 1.5G) due to the improved absorptivity and the reduced recombination of charge carriers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-790
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Semiconductor quantum dots
Solar cells
Photoluminescence
Charge carriers
Cations
Ion exchange
Positive ions
cupric sulfide
Surface plasmon resonance
Open circuit voltage
Sulfur
Excitons
Short circuit currents
Sun
Conversion efficiency
Vacancies
Absorption spectra
Quenching
Current density
Lead

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Highly efficient solid-state mesoscopic PbS with embedded CuS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells. / Park, Joong Pill; Heo, Jin Hyuck; Im, Sang Hyuk; Kim, Sang Wook.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, No. 3, 01.01.2016, p. 785-790.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, Joong Pill ; Heo, Jin Hyuck ; Im, Sang Hyuk ; Kim, Sang Wook. / Highly efficient solid-state mesoscopic PbS with embedded CuS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2016 ; Vol. 4, No. 3. pp. 785-790.
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abstract = "We synthesized a new type of PbS colloidal quantum dot (QDs) embedding CuS (PbS[CuS] QDs) by rapid injection of a sulfur precursor into a lead precursor solution followed by cation exchange of Pb with Cu ions. By the cation exchange reaction, the edge of PbS QDs was partially converted into CuS, which enhances the absorptivity of light and creates an additional absorption band in the near infrared (NIR) region due to the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect by the existence of vacancies in CuS. From the transient and static photoluminescence (PL) decay measurements, we found that the PL decay time of PbS[CuS] QDs was ∼2 fold longer than that of the PbS QDs and the PbS[CuS] QDs showed great PL quenching compared to the PbS QDs. Accordingly, the generated excitons in PbS/CuS QDs are more easily dissociated into free charge carriers than those in the PbS QDs. As a result, the mesoscopic PbS/CuS QD-sensitized solar cells constructed using FTO (F-doped SnO2)/bl-TiO2 (blocking TiO2)/mesoscopic TiO2/PbS/CuS CQDs/P3HT (poly-3-hexylthiophene)/Au showed 0.6 V open-circuit voltage (Voc), 20.7 mA cm-2 short-circuit current density (Jsc), 65{\%} fill factor (FF), and 8.07{\%} overall power conversion efficiency under 1 sun conditions (100 mW cm-2 AM 1.5G) due to the improved absorptivity and the reduced recombination of charge carriers.",
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