Highly sensitive C 2H 5OH sensors using Fe-doped NiO hollow spheres

Hyo Joong Kim, Kwon Il Choi, Kang Min Kim, Chan Woong Na, Jong Heun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

NiO and Fe-doped NiO hollow spheres with the shell thickness of ∼12 nm have been prepared by applying uniform coatings of Ni- and Fe-precursors onto Ni spheres, partial oxidation of Ni spheres near their surfaces at 300 °C, the dissolution of core Ni using dilute HCl aqueous solution, and subsequent heat treatment at 500 °C, and their gas sensing characteristics at 300-400 °C were compared. The response to 100 ppm C 2H 5OH of Fe-doped NiO hollow spheres at 350 °C (R g/R a = 172.5; R g, resistance in gas; R a, resistance in air) was 31.4 times higher than that of NiO hollow spheres (R g/R a = 5.5). The reasons for the significant enhancement of C 2H 5OH response by doping Fe into NiO hollow spheres were discussed in relation to the incorporation of Fe components into the NiO lattice and their consequent impact on the gas sensing reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1029-1037
Number of pages9
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume171-172
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

Keywords

  • Fe doping
  • Gas sensors
  • Hollow spheres
  • NiO
  • p-Type semiconductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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