Highly stable sodium storage in 3-D gradational Sb-NiSb-Ni heterostructures

Chan Woo Lee, Jae Chan Kim, Sangbaek Park, Hee Jo Song, Dong Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Active/inactive alloyed systems in battery materials have been shown to relieve the agglomeration of active materials during cycling, thus exhibiting enhanced cyclability. However, the immoderate interaction between active and inactive elements can reduce the capacity of active materials. The present study realized a compositionally gradational heterostructure composed of a Ni core, NiSb interface, and attached Sb crystals via pulsed electrodeposition under controlled conditions. The 3-D Sb/NiSb/Ni electrode showed highly stable cycling performance for sodium storage at the expense of capacity decrease (391mAhg-1 at a current rate of 66mAg-1 after 300 cycles). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy analysis of the cycled samples revealed that the reversible solid-state reaction occurs between Sb/NiSb/Ni and Na3Sb/NaSb/Ni heterostructures during sodiation/desodiation. The cycling stability was attributed to the strong interaction between Ni and Sb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-489
Number of pages11
JournalNano Energy
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1


  • 3-D microbatteries
  • Gradational heterostructures
  • Nano-scale alloying
  • Sodium ion batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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