Historical records of asian dust events (hwangsa) in Korea

Youngsin Chun, Hi Ku Cho, Hyo Sang Chung, Meehye Lee

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35 Citations (Scopus)


The observation of dust events in Korea must have been important through its long history because of its geographical and meteorological setting. Descriptions about dust events were well documented in historical archives, such as Samguk sagi (57 BC-AD 938), Goryeo sa (918-1392), Joseon wangiosillok (1392-1853), and Munhuenbigo (∼1776). In this study, records of Asian dust events were compiled from the above historical archives, covering the period of the second to the eighteenth century. These historical records were investigated along with the recent data (1915-2005) of dust event days in Seoul, Korea. The first record was made in AD 174 in Silla during the period of the Three Kingdoms. A dust event, now called hwangsa, was commonly written down as Woo-Tou or Tou-Woo standing for "dustfall" in the historical archives. Asian dust events took place most frequently during spring from March to May and there was almost no occurrence in summer. The main seasonal feature of the historical dust events was found to be in good agreement with that of the last 90 yr. The result suggests that the past seasonal mechanism of the dust event occurrence and transport in northeast Asia is not significantly different from the present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-827
Number of pages5
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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