Hospital admissions of young persons for illicit drug use or abuse: Does neighborhood of residence matter?

E. Sellström, P. O'Campo, C. Muntaner, G. Arnoldsson, A. Hjern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adolescence constitutes a period of risk for drug use and drug use disorders. Previous research, largely focused on individual risk factors, has failed to include neighborhood structure in the study of determinants of youth drug use or abuse. A cohort of 76,693 adolescents ages 13-15 from 586 urban neighborhoods in Sweden were followed up for 12 years, from age 16 to age 28. Multilevel modeling was used to analyze neighborhood variations in hospital admissions due to illicit drug use or abuse. We found a variation of 8% by neighborhood economic status and the risk of being admitted to hospital increased 73% in low-compared to high-income neighborhoods. Our results suggest that neighborhood of residence in adolescence plays a significant role in predicting future health-related behaviors and that the need for drug abuse interventions at a neighborhood level is compelling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-557
Number of pages7
JournalHealth and Place
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar

Keywords

  • Mental health
  • Multilevel method
  • Neighborhood
  • Urban
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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