Assessment of risk at time of discharge could be a useful tool for guiding postdischarge management. The aim of this study was to develop a novel and simple assessment tool for better hospital discharge risk stratification. The study included 3,997 hospital-discharged patients with acute myocardial infarction who were enrolled in the nationwide prospective Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-1 (KAMIR-1) from November 2005 through December 2006. The new risk score system was tested in 1,461 hospital-discharged patients who were admitted from January 2007 through January 2008 (KAMIR-2). The new risk score system was compared to the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) postdischarge risk model during a 12-month clinical follow-up. During 1-year follow-up, all-cause death occurred in 228 patients (5.7%) and 81 patients (5.5%) in the development and validation cohorts, respectively. The new risk score (KAMIR score) was constructed using 6 independent variables related to the primary end point using a multivariable Cox regression analysis: age, Killip class, serum creatinine, no in-hospital percutaneous coronary intervention, left ventricular ejection fraction, and admission glucose based on multivariate-adjusted risk relation. The KAMIR score demonstrated significant differences in its predictive accuracy for 1-year mortality compared to the GRACE score for the developmental and validation cohorts. In conclusion, the KAMIR score for patients with acute myocardial infarction is a simpler and better risk scoring system than the GRACE hospital discharge risk model in prediction of 1-year mortality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine