Signaling molecules that bind to chemokine receptors should play key roles in regulation of cell migration induced by chemokines. To characterize the CCR1-mediated cellular signal transduction mechanism, we used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify a cellular ligand for CCR1. LZIP, which has been known as a transcription factor in various cell types, was identified as a CCR1 binding protein. Although the ability of LZIP to bind DNA is possibly what allows it to function as a transcription factor, its detailed function and participation in chemotaxis have not been established. We found that LZIP binds to CCR1 based on results of a mammalian two-hybrid assay and immunoprecipitation experiments. The 21-260 residues of LZIP were essential for interaction with CCR1. Results from a chemotaxis assay using LZIP transfected cells showed that LZIP enhanced Lkn-1-induced chemotaxis, whereas the chemotactic activities induced by other CC chemokines that bind to CCR1, including MIP-1alpha, RANTES, or HCC-4, were not affected by LZIP overexpression. These data indicate that LZIP binds to CCR1 and that the interaction between CCR1 and LZIP participates in regulation of Lkn-1-dependent cell migration without affecting the chemotactic activities of other CC chemokines that bind to CCR1.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 May|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology