Large expansion of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is of great interest for clinical applications. In this study, we examine the feasibility of human fibroblast-derived extracellular matrix (hFDM) as an alternative cell expansion setting. hFDM is obtained from decellularized extracellular matrix (ECM) derived from in vitro cultured human lung fibroblasts. Our study directly compares conventional platforms (tissue culture plastic (TCP), fibronectin (FN)-coated TCP) with hFDM using umbilical cord blood-derived MSCs (UCB-MSCs). Early cell morphology shows a rather rounded shape on TCP but highly elongated morphology on hFDM. Cell proliferation demonstrates that MSCs on hFDM were significantly better compared to the others in both 10 and 2% serum condition. Cell migration assay suggests that cell motility was improved and a cell migration marker CXCR4 was notably up-regulated on hFDM. MSCs differentiation into osteogenic lineage on hFDM was also very effective as examined via gene expression, von Kossa staining and alkaline phosphatase activity. In addition, as the MSCs were expanded on each substrate, transferred to 3D polymer mesh scaffolds and then cultivated for a while, the data found better cell proliferation and more CXCR4 expression with MSCs pre-conditioned on hFDM. Moreover, higher gene expression of stemness and engraftment-related markers was noticed with the hFDM group. Furthermore when UCB-MSCs expanded on TCP or hFDM were injected into emphysema (a lung disease) animal model, the results indicate that MSCs pre-conditioned on hFDM (with 2% serum) retain more advanced therapeutic efficacy on the improvement of emphysema than those on TCP. Current works demonstrate that compared to the conventional platforms, hFDM can be a promising source of cell expansion with a naturally derived biomimetic ECM microenvironment and may find some practical applications in regenerative medicine.
- Extracellular matrix (ECM)
- Human fibroblast-derived matrix (hFDM)
- MSCs expansion
- Umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology