Hybrid Reduced Graphene Oxide/Manganese Diselenide Cubes: A New Electrode Material for Supercapacitors

B. Balamuralitharan, S. N. Karthick, Suresh Kannan Balasingam, K. V. Hemalatha, Samayanan Selvam, J. Anandha Raj, Kandasamy Prabakar, Yongseok Jun, Hee Je Kim

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The integration of 2 D graphene nanosheets and layered transition-metal dichalcogenides has been recognized as one of the most extensive strategies for the synthesis of promising electrode materials for energy-storage devices. In this study, cubic manganese diselenide (MnSe 2 ) and hybrid reduced graphene oxide/MnSe 2 (G-MnSe 2 ) materials were synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method. Metallic selenium impurities are considered to be a major unwanted byproduct in this method. An effective means to remove such bulk chalcogenides is a key challenge. For the synthesis of the G-MnSe 2 hybrid material, we used a strategy in which the graphene oxide was mixed with manganese and selenium precursors. Surprisingly, the final G-MnSe 2 product contained a negligible amount of selenium impurity. The MnSe 2 and G-MnSe 2 hybrid materials were characterized in detail. For the first time, the electrochemical energy-storage behavior of MnSe 2 -based materials was assessed for supercapacitor applications. The specific capacitance of the MnSe 2 electrode was approximately 57.8 mF cm −2 , whereas the hybrid G-MnSe 2 electrode showed a much higher specific capacitance of 93.3 mF cm −2 at a scan rate of 1 mV s −1 . A symmetric cell made from the G-MnSe 2 hybrid material showed excellent long-term stability for 4500 cycles and approximately 106 % retention of its initial capacitance, which is impressive compared with the cycle life of the MnSe 2 -based symmetric cell (80 % capacitance retention at the 4500th cycle).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1953-1962
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Technology
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • electrodes
  • graphene
  • hydrothermal synthesis
  • manganese
  • selenium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

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    Balamuralitharan, B., Karthick, S. N., Balasingam, S. K., Hemalatha, K. V., Selvam, S., Raj, J. A., Prabakar, K., Jun, Y., & Kim, H. J. (2017). Hybrid Reduced Graphene Oxide/Manganese Diselenide Cubes: A New Electrode Material for Supercapacitors. Energy Technology, 5(11), 1953-1962. https://doi.org/10.1002/ente.201700097