Hydrogen production by steam methane reforming in membrane reactor equipped with Pd membrane deposited on NiO/YSZ/NiO multilayer-treated porous stainless steel

Chang Hyun Kim, Jae Yun Han, Hankwon Lim, Kwan Young Lee, Shin Kun Ryi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we prepared a Pd composite membrane with high hydrogen permeance and thermal stability on a tubular porous stainless steel (PSS) support by ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid-free electroless plating. The conventional yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) was replaced with a NiO/YSZ/NiO multilayer as the diffusion barrier, and the latter was introduced on a PSS tube (diameter of 12.7 mm, length of 450 mm, and surface area of 175 cm2). A long-term thermal stability test revealed that the NiO/YSZ/NiO multilayer significantly reduced the growth rate of nitrogen leakage. The test was carried out for ~1150 h on a 2.5-µm thick Pd membrane deposited on a NiO/YSZ/NiO/PSS tube (diameter of 25.4 mm, length of 450 mm, and surface area of 350 cm2). The hydrogen permeance obtained at the end of the test was 3.81 × 10−3 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−0.5, and the H2/N2 selectivity was ~87 at a temperature of 773 K and pressure difference of 101.3 kPa. The rate of increase in nitrogen leakage during the test was 3.05 × 10–11 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−0.5 h−1, which demonstrated the ability of the NiO/YSZ/NiO multilayer to mitigate nitrogen leakage. To produce hydrogen using the Pd composite membrane reactor, steam methane reforming was conducted under the following operating conditions: pressure, 430–1114 kPa; temperature, 883 K; and gas hourly space velocity, 1000 h−1. The reaction yielded a methane conversion and hydrogen recovery of 75.1% and 97.9%, respectively. The permeate stream was composed of 93.1 vol% H2, 0.6 vol% CO, 1.8 vol% CH4, and 4.5 vol% CO2. The gas composition of the permeate stream was suitable for use as fuel in a high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume563
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Fuel processor
  • Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen separation
  • Long-term stability
  • Pd composite membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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