Hydrogen production by steam reforming of biomass-derived glycerol over Ni-based catalysts

Seung Hoon Kim, Jae Sun Jung, Eun Hyeok Yang, Kwan Young Lee, Dong Ju Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The steam reforming of bio-glycerol for the production of hydrogen has been investigated in a fixed-bed reactor containing spherical particle of Ni supported on γ-Al2O3 as catalyst. Several catalysts were prepared by the dry impregnation method at different calcination temperatures (750-950 °C) with/without the addition of various alkaline promoters (K, Ca, Sr). The physical and chemical properties of the prepared catalysts were characterized by nitrogen (N2) physisorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature-programmed reduction, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy techniques. The Ni/γ-Al2O 3 catalysts showed a high glycerol conversion and hydrogen selectivity, however they gradually deactivated due to the formation of carbon over those catalysts. Nevertheless, it was found that the catalysts calcined at high temperatures could inhibit the formation of carbon without affecting the glycerol conversion and hydrogen selectivity. The addition of alkaline promoters caused a slight decrease in the glycerol conversion, but also reduced the formation of carbon and thereby increased the long-term stability of the catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-151
Number of pages7
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume228
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Steam reforming
Hydrogen production
Glycerol
Biomass
Catalysts
Hydrogen
Carbon
Physisorption
Catalyst selectivity
Impregnation
Calcination
Temperature
Chemical properties
Thermogravimetric analysis
Nitrogen
Physical properties
Transmission electron microscopy
X ray diffraction
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Alkali promoter
  • Calcination
  • Carbon formation
  • Glycerol
  • Nickel catalyst
  • Steam reforming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Hydrogen production by steam reforming of biomass-derived glycerol over Ni-based catalysts. / Kim, Seung Hoon; Jung, Jae Sun; Yang, Eun Hyeok; Lee, Kwan Young; Moon, Dong Ju.

In: Catalysis Today, Vol. 228, 01.06.2014, p. 145-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Seung Hoon ; Jung, Jae Sun ; Yang, Eun Hyeok ; Lee, Kwan Young ; Moon, Dong Ju. / Hydrogen production by steam reforming of biomass-derived glycerol over Ni-based catalysts. In: Catalysis Today. 2014 ; Vol. 228. pp. 145-151.
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