Hydrogen production by steam reforming of methane over nickel based structured catalysts supported on calcium aluminate modified SiC

Young Su Noh, Kwan Young Lee, Dong Ju Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Steam reforming of methane (SRM) is an immensely important process for the production of hydrogen and syngas (H2, CO). Ni-based alumina supported catalysts are conventionally used in the SRM process, but the coke formation and sintering are still challenging problems to develop an economical process. It was reported that the Lewis basicity of the support obviously plays a crucial role to prevent the coke formation, and basic supports such as calcium aluminate (CAx) has shown superior resistance for carbon deposition, but in case of CAx the major drawback is low thermal conductivity. In this work, in order to improve the catalytic performance of SRM, the Nickel based structured catalysts supported on the modified calcium aluminate (CAx) with silicon carbide (SiC) were prepared. All synthesized catalysts were characterized by various techniques including N2-physisorption, XRD, H2-TPR, XPS, CO2-TPR, TGA, TPH, and thermal conductivity analysis. It was found that the CAx play an important role obtaining higher hydrogen yield and improved resistance to the carbon deposition. Even though, the methane conversion and H2 yield efficiency for Ni supported on SiC modified CAx/Al2O3 (NASC) catalyst was slightly lower than NAS and NAC catalysts, which caused by the weak interaction of active metal, but the NASC catalyst showed superior resistance to the coke formation compared to other catalysts. It was concluded that NASC catalysts is a promising candidates for the production of hydrogen by the steam reforming of methane.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Steam reforming
hydrogen production
Hydrogen production
Catalyst supports
Silicon carbide
steam
silicon carbides
calcium
Calcium
Methane
methane
Nickel
nickel
catalysts
Catalysts
Coke
coke
Hydrogen
Thermal conductivity
conductivity

Keywords

  • Calcium aluminate
  • Catalyst shaping
  • Hydrogen
  • SiC
  • Steam reforming of methane
  • Thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Hydrogen production by steam reforming of methane over nickel based structured catalysts supported on calcium aluminate modified SiC",
abstract = "Steam reforming of methane (SRM) is an immensely important process for the production of hydrogen and syngas (H2, CO). Ni-based alumina supported catalysts are conventionally used in the SRM process, but the coke formation and sintering are still challenging problems to develop an economical process. It was reported that the Lewis basicity of the support obviously plays a crucial role to prevent the coke formation, and basic supports such as calcium aluminate (CAx) has shown superior resistance for carbon deposition, but in case of CAx the major drawback is low thermal conductivity. In this work, in order to improve the catalytic performance of SRM, the Nickel based structured catalysts supported on the modified calcium aluminate (CAx) with silicon carbide (SiC) were prepared. All synthesized catalysts were characterized by various techniques including N2-physisorption, XRD, H2-TPR, XPS, CO2-TPR, TGA, TPH, and thermal conductivity analysis. It was found that the CAx play an important role obtaining higher hydrogen yield and improved resistance to the carbon deposition. Even though, the methane conversion and H2 yield efficiency for Ni supported on SiC modified CAx/Al2O3 (NASC) catalyst was slightly lower than NAS and NAC catalysts, which caused by the weak interaction of active metal, but the NASC catalyst showed superior resistance to the coke formation compared to other catalysts. It was concluded that NASC catalysts is a promising candidates for the production of hydrogen by the steam reforming of methane.",
keywords = "Calcium aluminate, Catalyst shaping, Hydrogen, SiC, Steam reforming of methane, Thermal conductivity",
author = "Noh, {Young Su} and Lee, {Kwan Young} and Moon, {Dong Ju}",
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AU - Noh, Young Su

AU - Lee, Kwan Young

AU - Moon, Dong Ju

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Steam reforming of methane (SRM) is an immensely important process for the production of hydrogen and syngas (H2, CO). Ni-based alumina supported catalysts are conventionally used in the SRM process, but the coke formation and sintering are still challenging problems to develop an economical process. It was reported that the Lewis basicity of the support obviously plays a crucial role to prevent the coke formation, and basic supports such as calcium aluminate (CAx) has shown superior resistance for carbon deposition, but in case of CAx the major drawback is low thermal conductivity. In this work, in order to improve the catalytic performance of SRM, the Nickel based structured catalysts supported on the modified calcium aluminate (CAx) with silicon carbide (SiC) were prepared. All synthesized catalysts were characterized by various techniques including N2-physisorption, XRD, H2-TPR, XPS, CO2-TPR, TGA, TPH, and thermal conductivity analysis. It was found that the CAx play an important role obtaining higher hydrogen yield and improved resistance to the carbon deposition. Even though, the methane conversion and H2 yield efficiency for Ni supported on SiC modified CAx/Al2O3 (NASC) catalyst was slightly lower than NAS and NAC catalysts, which caused by the weak interaction of active metal, but the NASC catalyst showed superior resistance to the coke formation compared to other catalysts. It was concluded that NASC catalysts is a promising candidates for the production of hydrogen by the steam reforming of methane.

AB - Steam reforming of methane (SRM) is an immensely important process for the production of hydrogen and syngas (H2, CO). Ni-based alumina supported catalysts are conventionally used in the SRM process, but the coke formation and sintering are still challenging problems to develop an economical process. It was reported that the Lewis basicity of the support obviously plays a crucial role to prevent the coke formation, and basic supports such as calcium aluminate (CAx) has shown superior resistance for carbon deposition, but in case of CAx the major drawback is low thermal conductivity. In this work, in order to improve the catalytic performance of SRM, the Nickel based structured catalysts supported on the modified calcium aluminate (CAx) with silicon carbide (SiC) were prepared. All synthesized catalysts were characterized by various techniques including N2-physisorption, XRD, H2-TPR, XPS, CO2-TPR, TGA, TPH, and thermal conductivity analysis. It was found that the CAx play an important role obtaining higher hydrogen yield and improved resistance to the carbon deposition. Even though, the methane conversion and H2 yield efficiency for Ni supported on SiC modified CAx/Al2O3 (NASC) catalyst was slightly lower than NAS and NAC catalysts, which caused by the weak interaction of active metal, but the NASC catalyst showed superior resistance to the coke formation compared to other catalysts. It was concluded that NASC catalysts is a promising candidates for the production of hydrogen by the steam reforming of methane.

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KW - Thermal conductivity

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