Self-assembled nanoparticles based on hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan (HGC) were prepared as a carrier for paclitaxel. HGC conjugates were prepared by chemically linking 5β-cholanic acid to glycol chitosan chains using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide chemistry. In phosphate-buffered saline (PBS; pH 7.4), the synthesized HGC conjugates formed nano-sized particles with a diameter of 200 nm and exhibited high thermodynamic stability as reflected by their low critical aggregation concentration (0.03 mg/ml). Paclitaxel was efficiently loaded into HGC nanoparticles up to 10 wt.% using a dialysis method. The paclitaxel-loaded HGC (PTX-HGC) nanoparticles were 400 nm in diameter and were stable in PBS for 10 days. These PTX-HGC nanoparticles also showed sustained release of the incorporated of paclitaxel (80% of the loaded dose was released in 8 days at 37°C in PBS). Owing to sustained release, the PTX-HGC nanoparticles were less cytotoxic to B16F10 melanoma cells than free paclitaxel formulated in Cremophor EL. Injection of PTX-HGC nanoparticles into the tail vein of tumor-bearing mice prevented increases in tumor volume for 8 days. Finally, PTX was less toxic to the tumor-bearing mice when formulated in HGC nanoparticles than when formulated with Cremophor EL.
- Hydrophobically modified glycol chitosan
- In vivo anti-tumor effect
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science