Hypertension and vascular aging

Chang Gyu Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Hypertension syndrome is a complex set of hemodynamic maladaptations that include stiff central arteries with pressure amplification, arteriolar constriction, microcirculatory rarefaction, metabolic abnormalities, cardiac hypertrophy and increased blood pressure variability. Cardiovascular aging in hypertension is accompanied by isolated systolic hypertension and an increased pulse pressure due to the increased central arterial stiffness, and patients with this malady have higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality rates. Systolic hypertension causes endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis/ arteriosclerosis, so that the aortic compliance is reduced and the small resistance arteries are constricted with inward eutrophic remodeling. Central arterial stiffness increases the SBP variability and also the blunt aortocarotid baroreflex, which can cause orthostatic hypotension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-481
Number of pages5
JournalKorean Circulation Journal
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul


  • Aging
  • Arterial stiffness
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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