Identification of gamma irradiated Brachypodium mutants with altered genes responsible for lignin biosynthesis

Man Bo Lee, Dae Yeon Kim, Min Jeong Hong, Yong Jin Lee, Yong Weon Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is a novel model plant for structural and functional genomic studies of Poaceae. Brachypodium has many favorable features, such as small size, small genome, short life cycle, and easy handling. Bioethanol, as renewable resource, has been widely studied as a replacement for fossil fuels. Lignin is involved with the efficiency of energy feedstock. It is generally accepted that bioethanol production is negatively affected by lignin content. Brachypodium was irradiated with gamma irradiation, at doses of 50, 100, 150, 200, and 250 Gy, and 25 M2 plants that showed the least staining with phloroglucinol were selected. Nucleotide alteration within genes that contribute to the lignin biosynthesis pathway was analyzed. In total, 4 INDELs and 249 SNPs which included 2 additional nonsense mutations, a mutation at the start codon, and a mutation at the 3′ splicing site were identified in the M2 lines. The transition/transversion rate was 7.59, and single nucleotide substitutions were found every 1,143 bp. As biological resources, the M2 populations generated in this work will contribute to functional genomics of Brachypodium and to the breeding of grass crops.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-76
Number of pages12
JournalGenes and Genomics
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Brachypodium
Lignin
Biosynthesis
Bioethanol
Genes
Nucleotides
Phloroglucinol
Poaceae
Fossil fuels
Feedstocks
Dosimetry
Crops
Life cycle
Fossil Fuels
Substitution reactions
Genome Size
Mutation
Irradiation
Initiator Codon
Nonsense Codon

Keywords

  • Brachypodium
  • Gamma radiation
  • Lignin biosynthesis
  • SNP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Identification of gamma irradiated Brachypodium mutants with altered genes responsible for lignin biosynthesis. / Lee, Man Bo; Kim, Dae Yeon; Hong, Min Jeong; Lee, Yong Jin; Seo, Yong Weon.

In: Genes and Genomics, Vol. 36, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 65-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Man Bo ; Kim, Dae Yeon ; Hong, Min Jeong ; Lee, Yong Jin ; Seo, Yong Weon. / Identification of gamma irradiated Brachypodium mutants with altered genes responsible for lignin biosynthesis. In: Genes and Genomics. 2014 ; Vol. 36, No. 1. pp. 65-76.
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