Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on 18q predicts poor survival in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). Several putative tumor suppressor genes, such as DCC, DPC4/Smad4, and MADR2/Smad2, are mapped to 18q, but thus far, the important gene locus in HNSCC is not known. To identify possible gene loci on 18q, we performed LOH studies using tumor DNA from 57 HNSCC primary tumor cell lines and DNA isolated from fibroblasts or lymphoblastoid cells from the same patients. Forty-two highly polymorphic microsatellite markers spaced not more than 5 cM apart (mean distance, 1.82 cM) spanning the region from D18S44 in 18q11.1 to D18S1141 in 18q23 were used. D18S71 in 18p11.21 on 18p was also used to determine whether the short arm was retained. Forty-three of 57 (75%) HNSCC lines showed LOH or isolated allelic imbalance (AI) for at least one locus on 18q. Although many of the cell lines had large distal 18q deletions with a breakpoint between 18q11.1 and 18q12.2 to qter, three loci were identified that were lost in 70% or more of the cases. The minimally lost regions (MLRs) range in size from 1.5-15.79 cM. The most proximal is centered on D18S39 (1.56 cM) in band 18q21.1, with LOH or isolated AI in 28 of 38 (74%) of informative cases. The largest (15.8 cM) begins at D18S61 (28 of 40; 70%) in band 18q22.2 and extends through D18S50 in 18q23. The third is centered on D18S70 (30 of 40; 75%) in band 18q23 (3.67 cM). Of these MLRs, only the one centered on D18S39 has been implicated previously in HNSCC. D18S70, the most frequently lost marker, was the only marker consistently lost in three tumor cell lines with very minimal losses, UM-SCC-19, UM-SCC-67, and UM-SCC-73A. In addition, UM-SCC-91 exhibited AI only at this locus, and UT-SCC-4 had AI at D18S70 and D18S39 only. Close physical mapping of these three regions may pinpoint one or more previously unidentified tumor suppressor genes.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Jul 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research