Identification of peptides that selectively bind to myoglobin by biopanning of phage displayed-peptide library

Guruprasath Padmanaban, Hyekyung Park, Ji Suk Choi, Yong Woo Cho, Woong Chol Kang, Chan Il Moon, In-San Kim, Byung Heon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biopanning of phage displayed-peptide library was performed against myoglobin, a marker for the early assessment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), to identify peptides that selectively bind to myoglobin. Using myoglobin-conjugated magnetic beads, phages that bound to myoglobin were collected and amplified for the next round of screening. A 148-fold enrichment of phage titer was observed after five rounds of screening relative to the first round. After phage binding ELISA, three phage clones were selected (3R1, 3R7 and 3R10) and the inserted peptides were chemically synthesized. The analysis of binding affinity showed that the 3R7 (CPSTLGASC) peptide had higher binding affinity (K d =57nM) than did the 3R1 (CNLSSSWIC) and 3R10 (CVPRLSAPC) peptide (K d =125nM and 293nM, respectively). Cross binding activity to other proteins, such as bovine serum albumin, troponin I, and creatine kinase-MB, was minimal. In a peptide-antibody sandwich ELISA, the selected peptides efficiently captured myoglobin. Moreover, the concentrations of myoglobin in serum samples measured by a peptide-peptide sandwich assay were comparable to those measured by a commercial antibody-based kit. These results indicate that the identified peptides can be used for the detection of myoglobin and may be a cost effective alternative to antibodies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Volume187
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 10
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac biomarkers
  • Myoglobin
  • Peptide
  • Phage display
  • Sandwich assays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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