Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis affecting infants and children; it manifests as fever and signs of mucocutaneous inflammation. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment effectively attenuates the fever and systemic inflammation. However, 10–20% patients are unresponsive to IVIG. To identify genetic variants influencing IVIG non-response in KD, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a replication study were performed using a total of 148 IVIG non-responders and 845 IVIG-responders in a Korean population. rs28662 in the sterile alpha motif domain-containing protein 9-like (SAMD9L) locus showed the most significant result in the joint analysis of GWAS and replication samples (odds ratio (OR) = 3.47, P = 1.39 × 10−5). The same SNP in the SAMD9L locus was tested in the Japanese population, and it revealed a more significant association in a meta-analysis with Japanese data (OR = 4.30, P = 5.30 × 10−6). These results provide new insights into the mechanism of IVIG response in KD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine