Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease in which T-helper type 2 (Th2)-type immune responses are dominant. Th2 cytokine, interleukin (IL)-33 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) have been suggested to have an important role in AD. IL-33 is highly expressed in AD, but its role in AD has not yet been fully understood. To further identify the role of IL-33 in AD, we investigated the expression of TSLP induced by IL-33 in keratinocytes. This study revealed that IL-33 induced TSLP expression in human keratinocytes. Early growth response protein 1 (Egr)-1, which is an inflammatory transcriptional factor, is induced by IL-33. IL-33-mediated TSLP induction in keratinocytes was suppressed by treatment with mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors or small interfering RNA against Egr-1. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay indicated the direct involvement of Egr-1 in IL-33-mediated TSLP induction. Taken together, these findings indicate that IL-33 may increase TSLP expression through an Egr-1-dependent mechanism via ERK1/2, JNK and p38 activation in keratinocytes. These data suggest that the IL-33-ERK/JNK/p38/Egr-1/TSLP axis is involved in allergic skin Th2 inflammation, and it may be a novel therapeutic target.
- Atopic dermatitis
- Early growth response protein 1
- Mitogen-activated protein kinase
- Thymic stromal lymphopoietin
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology