Imaging measurements and LES-CMC modeling of a partially-premixed turbulent dimethyl ether/air jet flame

Bruno Coriton, Masoomeh Zendehdel, Satoshi Ukai, Andreas Kronenburg, Oliver T. Stein, Seong Kyun Im, Mirko Gamba, Jonathan H. Frank

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Turbulent dimethyl ether (DME) jet flames provide a canonical flame geometry for studying turbulence-flame interactions in oxygenated fuels and for developing predictive models of these interactions. The development of accurate models for DME/air flames would establish a foundation for studies of more complex oxygenated fuels. We present a joint experimental and computational investigation of the velocity field and OH and CH2O distributions in a piloted, partially-premixed turbulent DME/air jet flame with a jet exit Reynolds number, ReD, of 29,300. The turbulent DME/air flame is analogous to the well-studied, partially-premixed methane/air jet flame, Sandia Flame D, with identical stoichiometric mixture fraction, ξst = 0.35, and bulk jet exit velocity, Vbulk = 45.9 m/s. Measurements include particle image velocimetry (PIV) and simultaneous CH2O and OH laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) imaging. Simulations are performed using a large eddy simulation combined with conditional moment closure (LES-CMC) on an intermediate size grid of 1.3 million cells. Overall, the downstream evolution of the mean and RMS profiles of velocity, OH, and CH2O are well predicted, with the largest discrepancies occurring for CH2O at x/D = 20-25. LES-CMC simulations employing two different chemical reaction mechanisms (Kaiser et al., 2000 [20] and Zhao et al., 2008 [21]) show approximately a factor of two difference in the peak CH2O mole fractions, whereas OH mole fractions are in good agreement between the two mechanisms. The single-shot LIF measurements of OH and CH2O show a wide range of separation distances between the spatial distributions of these intermediate species with gaps on the order of millimeters. The intermittency in the overlap between these species indicates that the consumption rates of formaldehyde by OH in the turbulent DME/air jet flame may be highly intermittent with significant departures from flamelet models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1251-1258
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes
Event30th International Symposium on Combustion - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 2004 Jul 252004 Jul 30

Fingerprint

air jets
Large eddy simulation
large eddy simulation
closures
Ethers
ethers
flames
moments
Imaging techniques
Air
laser induced fluorescence
flame interaction
Fluorescence
air
intermittency
particle image velocimetry
formaldehyde
Lasers
Methane
shot

Keywords

  • DME
  • LES-CMC
  • PIV
  • TNF workshop
  • Turbulent jet flames

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Imaging measurements and LES-CMC modeling of a partially-premixed turbulent dimethyl ether/air jet flame. / Coriton, Bruno; Zendehdel, Masoomeh; Ukai, Satoshi; Kronenburg, Andreas; Stein, Oliver T.; Im, Seong Kyun; Gamba, Mirko; Frank, Jonathan H.

In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 35, No. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 1251-1258.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Coriton, Bruno ; Zendehdel, Masoomeh ; Ukai, Satoshi ; Kronenburg, Andreas ; Stein, Oliver T. ; Im, Seong Kyun ; Gamba, Mirko ; Frank, Jonathan H. / Imaging measurements and LES-CMC modeling of a partially-premixed turbulent dimethyl ether/air jet flame. In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. 2015 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 1251-1258.
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AU - Coriton, Bruno

AU - Zendehdel, Masoomeh

AU - Ukai, Satoshi

AU - Kronenburg, Andreas

AU - Stein, Oliver T.

AU - Im, Seong Kyun

AU - Gamba, Mirko

AU - Frank, Jonathan H.

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N2 - Turbulent dimethyl ether (DME) jet flames provide a canonical flame geometry for studying turbulence-flame interactions in oxygenated fuels and for developing predictive models of these interactions. The development of accurate models for DME/air flames would establish a foundation for studies of more complex oxygenated fuels. We present a joint experimental and computational investigation of the velocity field and OH and CH2O distributions in a piloted, partially-premixed turbulent DME/air jet flame with a jet exit Reynolds number, ReD, of 29,300. The turbulent DME/air flame is analogous to the well-studied, partially-premixed methane/air jet flame, Sandia Flame D, with identical stoichiometric mixture fraction, ξst = 0.35, and bulk jet exit velocity, Vbulk = 45.9 m/s. Measurements include particle image velocimetry (PIV) and simultaneous CH2O and OH laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) imaging. Simulations are performed using a large eddy simulation combined with conditional moment closure (LES-CMC) on an intermediate size grid of 1.3 million cells. Overall, the downstream evolution of the mean and RMS profiles of velocity, OH, and CH2O are well predicted, with the largest discrepancies occurring for CH2O at x/D = 20-25. LES-CMC simulations employing two different chemical reaction mechanisms (Kaiser et al., 2000 [20] and Zhao et al., 2008 [21]) show approximately a factor of two difference in the peak CH2O mole fractions, whereas OH mole fractions are in good agreement between the two mechanisms. The single-shot LIF measurements of OH and CH2O show a wide range of separation distances between the spatial distributions of these intermediate species with gaps on the order of millimeters. The intermittency in the overlap between these species indicates that the consumption rates of formaldehyde by OH in the turbulent DME/air jet flame may be highly intermittent with significant departures from flamelet models.

AB - Turbulent dimethyl ether (DME) jet flames provide a canonical flame geometry for studying turbulence-flame interactions in oxygenated fuels and for developing predictive models of these interactions. The development of accurate models for DME/air flames would establish a foundation for studies of more complex oxygenated fuels. We present a joint experimental and computational investigation of the velocity field and OH and CH2O distributions in a piloted, partially-premixed turbulent DME/air jet flame with a jet exit Reynolds number, ReD, of 29,300. The turbulent DME/air flame is analogous to the well-studied, partially-premixed methane/air jet flame, Sandia Flame D, with identical stoichiometric mixture fraction, ξst = 0.35, and bulk jet exit velocity, Vbulk = 45.9 m/s. Measurements include particle image velocimetry (PIV) and simultaneous CH2O and OH laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) imaging. Simulations are performed using a large eddy simulation combined with conditional moment closure (LES-CMC) on an intermediate size grid of 1.3 million cells. Overall, the downstream evolution of the mean and RMS profiles of velocity, OH, and CH2O are well predicted, with the largest discrepancies occurring for CH2O at x/D = 20-25. LES-CMC simulations employing two different chemical reaction mechanisms (Kaiser et al., 2000 [20] and Zhao et al., 2008 [21]) show approximately a factor of two difference in the peak CH2O mole fractions, whereas OH mole fractions are in good agreement between the two mechanisms. The single-shot LIF measurements of OH and CH2O show a wide range of separation distances between the spatial distributions of these intermediate species with gaps on the order of millimeters. The intermittency in the overlap between these species indicates that the consumption rates of formaldehyde by OH in the turbulent DME/air jet flame may be highly intermittent with significant departures from flamelet models.

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