Immunochemical and biological analysis of allergenicity with excretory-secretory products of Anisakis simplex third stage larva

J. S. Kim, K. H. Kim, S. Cho, H. Y. Park, S. W. Cho, Y. T. Kim, K. H. Joo, J. S. Lee

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    16 Citations (Scopus)


    Background: Anisakis simplex third stage larvae (L3) are parasites that frequently give rise to allergic responses. The larvae molt into fourth stage larvae (L4), and at each stage they produce L3-excretory-secretory products (L3-ESP) and L4-ESP, respectively, which are different in their main protein constituents. Although the allergenicity of L4-ESP has been investigated by several research groups, research on the allergenicity of L3-ESP has not been carried out by any researcher. In this investigation, the allergenicity and antigenicity of L3-ESP were investigated in comparison with L4-ESP, using rat sera. Methods: Rat sera were produced by L3 oral infection two times with a 9-week interval. Larvae ESP prepared by culture were concentrated and fractioned using lyophilizer and a centrifugal filter device, respectively. Immunochemical analysis was performed using both indirect ELISA and immunoblot. Biological allergenicity was analyzed by RBL-2H3 exocytosis. Results: With the indirect ELISA, the optical density (OD) value of the nonfractioned (NF)-L3ESP was only one third of that of the NF-L4ESP in both specific IgM and IgG. On measuring specific IgE, the OD of NF-L3ESP was less than one tenth of that of NF-L4ESP. In addition, neither antigen nor allergen was shown in NF-L3ESP, but it was shown in NF-L4ESP with immunoblot. However, the biological allergenicity of NF-L3ESP was comparable to that of NF-L4ESP. To demonstrate the presence of any allergen, L3-ESP was fractioned and found to carry twelve visualized allergen bands from 10 to 186 kDa by immunoblot. Conclusions: These results indicate that L3-ESP may include the important allergens necessary to induce the allergy by L3 oral infection, as compared to L4-ESP.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)320-328
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr


    • Allergen
    • Anisakis simplex
    • ELISA
    • IgE
    • Mast cells
    • Western blot

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Immunology and Allergy
    • Immunology


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